• 1297 Citations
  • 24 h-Index
1986 …2020

Research output per year

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Personal profile

Research interests

Dr. Gregory Holmes' overarching area of research interest employs a systems neuroscience approach to addressing two key pathophysiological changes in autonomic nervous system (e.g., gastrointestinal) functions following spinal cord injury (SCI).

First, Dr. Holmes' ongoing studies of post-SCI gastrointestinal (GI) dysfunction are revealing that substantial pathophysiological remodeling of GI reflex circuits occurs following injury. Specifically, vagal afferents form the intrinsic circuitry necessary for the gastric reflexes during digestion. The sensitivity of these afferents is diminished after SCI even though vagal innervation remains anatomically intact. One emerging mechanism leading to vagal afferent hyposensitivity appears to involve voltage-gated channelopathy that reduces the initiation and propagation of digestion-associated action potentials within vagal afferents following SCI.

The Holmes lab's data support the emerging notion that the profound changes to the entire physiology following SCI merits focused investigation, and that SCI is a systemic injury beyond the spinal tissue.

Dr. Holmes' second area of research addresses a vastly understudied co-morbidity following SCI that is referred to as neurogenic bowel. Neurogenic bowel is a persistent challenge to the well-being and social reintegration of individuals with SCI. Insights from other fields of GI dysfunction (e.g., irritable bowel) suggests that pathophysiological remodeling of enteric neural circuitry is one mechanism contributing to the reduced colonic transit reported after SCI. The Holmes lab has identified anatomical and functional remodeling of the colonic neuromuscular interface in response to SCI. The enteric nervous system circuit is the final common pathway to the smooth muscle, and remodeling of this circuit will profoundly affect any extrinsic input from spinal autonomic motor neurons.

Addressing the changes in enteric and central nervous system neurocircuitry is critical to better understand the neural mechanisms leading to neurogenic bowel in the SCI population.

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Projects

  • Research Output

    • 1297 Citations
    • 24 h-Index
    • 44 Article
    • 5 Review article
    • 1 Chapter
    • 1 Comment/debate

    Gastric vagal afferent neuropathy following experimental spinal cord injury

    Besecker, E. M., Blanke, E. N., Deiter, G. M. & Holmes, G. M., Jan 2020, In : Experimental Neurology. 323, 113092.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • 1 Scopus citations

    Recommendations for evaluation of bladder and bowel function in pre-clinical spinal cord injury research

    Holmes, G. M., Hubscher, C. H., Krassioukov, A., Jakeman, L. B. & Kleitman, N., Mar 3 2020, In : Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine. 43, 2, p. 165-176 12 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

  • 1 Scopus citations

    Gastrointestinal dysfunction after spinal cord injury

    Holmes, G. M. & Blanke, E. N., Oct 2019, In : Experimental Neurology. 320, 113009.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

  • 3 Scopus citations

    Investigating neurogenic bowel in experimental spinal cord injury: Where to begin?

    White, A. & Holmes, G., Feb 2019, In : Neural Regeneration Research. 14, 2, p. 222-226 5 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

  • 3 Scopus citations

    Purinergic receptor expression and function in rat vagal sensory neurons innervating the stomach

    Blanke, E. N., Stella, S. L., Ruiz-Velasco, V. & Holmes, G. M., Jul 27 2019, In : Neuroscience letters. 706, p. 182-188 7 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle