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Personal profile

Research interests

Dr. Ian M. Paul is Professor of Pediatrics and Public Health Sciences at Penn State College of Medicine. Dr. Paul is a general pediatrician and clinical and health services researcher with principal interests in primary preventive interventions for newborns, infants, and families; and clinical therapeutics for children. His research focuses on these two areas, with the largest current NIH/NIDDK-funded projects focusing on the prevention of childhood obesity through home-based interventions delivered to parents of infants. His work in this field includes the first study to demonstrate that behavioral interventions delivered in the months after birth can lead to slower weight gain through the age of 1. He has also been funded by HRSA/MCHB on projects related to newborn weight loss and breastfeeding, research that generated the first nomograms depicting newborn weight loss for exclusively breastfed and exclusively formula-fed term neonates during the birth hospitalization and through the first month after birth. Dr. Paul is and has been a co-investigator on numerous NIH-funded projects related to co-parenting, infant sleep, prevention of Shaken Baby Syndrome, prevention of adverse pregnancy outcomes and the treatment of asthma, the latter through participation as a co-investigator on the NHLBI-funded AsthmaNet network. Dr. Paul is also an internationally recognized expert on the pediatric treatment of the common cold and its symptoms, having led numerous investigations related to cough/cold medications and antipyretics. A clinician as well, Dr. Paul has a thriving general pediatric practice where he provides medical care for children from birth through age 21. He has been recognized several times for superior patient satisfaction. In addition to his research interests, he is also Chief of the Division of Academic General Pediatrics in the Department of Pediatrics at Penn State Children’s Hospital.

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Mothers Medicine & Life Sciences
Parenting Medicine & Life Sciences
Pediatrics Medicine & Life Sciences
Cough Medicine & Life Sciences
Breast Feeding Medicine & Life Sciences
Newborn Infant Medicine & Life Sciences
Weights and Measures Medicine & Life Sciences
Weight Gain Medicine & Life Sciences

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Projects 1995 2023

Preventing Obesity through Intervention during Infancy

Paul, I., Paul, I., Birch, L. L. & Birch, L. L.

National Institutes of Health

3/17/113/31/23

Project: Research project

Obesity
Food
Hunger
Pediatric Obesity
House Calls
Birth Order
Pediatric Obesity
Parenting
Obesity
Siblings

GENERAL CLINICAL RESEARCH CENTER

Boehmer, J., Ettinger, S., Eyster, M. E., Kenney, Jr., W. L., Miller, B., Mastro, A. M., Ahluwalia, N., Lloyd, T., Sinoway, L., Williams, N., Legro, R., Dong, C., Vgontzas, A., Leuenberger, U., Mulfinger, L., Rolls, B. J., Floros, J., Bixler, E., Ulbrecht, J., Simmons, Z., Paul, I., Latash, M., Ettinger, S., West, S. G., Lee, P., Rolls, B. J., Eslinger, P., Kenney, Jr., W. L., Pawelczyk, J. A., Klein, L., Ouyang, A., Bixler, E., Thiboutot, D., Harvey, H., Hartman, T. J., Ulbrecht, J., Proctor, D. N., Floros, J., Janicki, P., Conroy, D. E., Yang, Q., Challis, J. H., Thomas, N., Dodson, W., Downs, D. S., Wilson, R., Simmons, Z., Cui, J., Alexander, L. M., Ross, A. C., Francis, L. A., Latash, M., West, S. G., Lee, P., Graff, G., Paul, I., Zaenglein, A., De Souza, M. J., Liao, D., Wilson, R., Corwin, R. L., Sinoway, L., Huang, X., Gao, Z., Dunaif, A., Rodichok, L., Eggli, D., Holman, M., Watterberg, K., Campbell, W., Gaumond, R., McGarrity, T., Kulin, H., Streufert, S., Blosser, S., Manni, A., McCabe, P., Evarts, C., Kirwan, J. P., Craig, T., MacLean, D., Beard, J. L., Pritchard, T. C., Loomis, J., Cavanagh, P. R., Koch, K., Shoemaker, J. K., Hankey, P., Jones, B., Reynolds, H. Y., Granger, D., Corwin, E., Powers, S., Khan, M., Page, M., Daley, J., Lallos, C., Larsson, L., MacNeill, C., Ultman, J., Kirch, D., Farrell, P., Finkelstein, J., Vesell, E., Luck, J., Gardner, T. W., Ambrose, A., Ahsan, N., Kraemer, W., Lipton, A., Ramirez, M., Consevage, M., Phelps, D. S., Cronin, A., Lanoue, K. F., Lathrop, M., Gardner, T. W., Holtzclaw, B. J., Farrell, P., Ayannusi, O., Davis, W., Thorndyke, L., Gardner, T. W., Reeves, W. C., Lihua, X., Pallone, M., Barrett, A. M., Flood, W., Eyster, E., Gilchrist, I., Ramer, J., Leong, S., Imadojemu, V., Rosales, F., Pu, M. I. N., Lott, M., Susman, E. J., Chuang, C., Burks, E., McNulty, P. H., Galka, E. V. A., Rodrigues, I., Erickson, D., Wilson, T. R., Raja-Khan, N. T., Loughran, T. P., Stauffer, L., Miller, C., Fitzgerald, E., Sieverling, E., Podskalny, G. P., Torgerson, C., Trussel, J., Florian, J., Parker, B., Boustred, A. M., O'Bryan, T., Miraliakbari, R., Xiong, N. A., Molenaar, P. C. M., Muscat, J., Ridout, S. J., Baker, L., Spiller, E., Hillary, F. G., Sinha, R., Imadojemu, V., Weinstein, J., Dougherty, K., Demers, L., Han, D., Evans, W., Smith, J., Ray, C., Kris-Etherton, P., [No Value], H. L., Craig, T. J., Ehmann, C., Rybka, W. B., Koltun, W. A., Birch, L. L., Petit, M. A., Connor, J., Monahan, K., Momen, A., Singareddy, R., Cooney, R., Subramanian, T., Curry, W., Ramer, J., Farace, E., Jarvis, S., Flaherty-Craig, C., Scott, K., Aronson, K. R., Scalzi, L., Cavener, D. R., Lang, J., Goldenberg, D. N., MacNeill, C., Elavsky, S., Lohse, B., Selan, J., McBrier, N., Claxton, D., Giampetro, D., Rauh, E., Skulas-Ray, A. N. N., Graham-Engeland, J. E., Kimchi, E. T., Belani, C., Betterman, K., Vender, R. L., Albaugh, V., Sciamanna, C. N., Cheng, K., Joshi, R., Gill, D., Bascom, R., Green, M. J., Gordon, R. & Ehman, C.

National Institutes of Health

8/15/955/31/11

Project: Research project

Research
Outpatients
Research Personnel
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Medicine

Research Output 1992 2019

1 Citation (Scopus)

Adverse events associated with diphenhydramine in children, 2008–2015

Palmer, R. B., Reynolds, K. M., Banner, W., Randall Bond, G., Kauffman, R. E., Paul, I., Green, J. L. & Dart, R. C., Jan 1 2019, In : Clinical Toxicology.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Diphenhydramine
Cough
Pediatrics
Eating
Homicide

Breastfeeding initiation and duration and child health outcomes in the first baby study

Pattison, K. L., Kraschnewski, J., Lehman, E., Williams, J. S., Downs, D. S., Leonard, K. S., Adams, E. L., Paul, I. & Kjerulff, K., Jan 1 2019, In : Preventive Medicine. 118, p. 1-6 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Breast Feeding
Obesity
Weights and Measures
Pediatric Obesity
Constipation

Dosing and Safety of Off-label Use of Caffeine Citrate in Premature Infants

Best Pharmaceuticals for Children Act–Pediatric Trials Network Steering Committee, Aug 1 2019, In : Journal of Pediatrics. 211, p. 27-32.e1

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Off-Label Use
Premature Infants
Safety
Necrotizing Enterocolitis
Patent Ductus Arteriosus
1 Citation (Scopus)

Early maternal-newborn contact and positive birth experience

Brubaker, L. H., Paul, I., Repke, J. & Kjerulff, K., Mar 1 2019, In : Birth. 46, 1, p. 42-50 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mothers
Parturition
Newborn Infant
Insurance Coverage
Pregnancy Complications

Ecological momentary assessment of using food to soothe during infancy in the INSIGHT trial

Adams, E. L., Marini, M. E., Brick, T. R., Paul, I., Birch, L. L. & Williams, J. S., Sep 5 2019, In : International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 16, 1, 79.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
Parenting
Food
Mothers
Parents
Text Messaging