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Research Output 1987 2020

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Article
2020

The role of fuel chemistry in dictating nanostructure evolution of soot toward source identification

Singh, M. & Vander Wal, R. L., Jan 2 2020, In : Aerosol Science and Technology. 54, 1, p. 66-78 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Soot
soot
Nanostructures
laser
Lasers
2019
2 Citations (Scopus)

Effect of hydrogen concentration on graphene synthesis using microwave-driven plasma-mediated methane cracking

Singh, M., Sengupta, A., Zeller, K., Skoptsov, G. & Vander Wal, R. L., Mar 1 2019, In : Carbon. 143, p. 802-813 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Graphite
Methane
Graphene
Hydrogen
Carbon
5 Citations (Scopus)

Laser-induced structural modifications of differently aged soot investigated by HRTEM

Apicella, B., Pré, P., Rouzaud, J. N., Abrahamson, J., Vander Wal, R. L., Ciajolo, A., Tregrossi, A. & Russo, C., Jun 1 2019, In : Combustion and Flame. 204, p. 13-22 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Soot
soot
Laser heating
Lasers
laser heating
1 Citation (Scopus)

Nanostructure changes in diesel soot during NO2–O2 oxidation under diesel particulate filter-like conditions toward filter regeneration

Singh, M., Srilomsak, M., Wang, Y., Hanamura, K. & Vander Wal, R., Oct 1 2019, In : International Journal of Engine Research. 20, 8-9, p. 953-966 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Soot
Nanostructures
Oxidation
Exhaust gases
Carbon
1 Citation (Scopus)

Soot differentiation by laser derivatization

Singh, M., Gaddam, C. K., Abrahamson, J. P. & Vander Wal, R. L., Feb 1 2019, In : Aerosol Science and Technology. 53, 2, p. 207-229 23 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Soot
soot
Nanostructures
laser
Lasers
2 Citations (Scopus)

The Effect of Temperature on Soot Properties in Premixed Ethylene Flames

Apicella, B., Tregrossi, A., Ciajolo, A., Abrahamson, J., Vander Wal, R. L. & Russo, C., Sep 2 2019, In : Combustion science and technology. 191, 9, p. 1558-1570 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Soot
soot
flames
Ethylene
ethylene
2018
2 Citations (Scopus)
Particulate Matter
particulate matter
Carbon
carbon
smoothing
8 Citations (Scopus)

Carbon structure and resulting graphitizability upon oxygen evolution

Abrahamson, J. P., Jain, A., van Duin, A. C. T. & Vander Wal, R. L., Aug 2018, In : Carbon. 135, p. 171-179 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Carbonization
Sugar (sucrose)
Carbon
Oxygen
Sucrose
13 Citations (Scopus)

HRTEM and EELS investigations of flame-formed soot nanostructure

Apicella, B., Ciajolo, A., Tregrossi, A., Abrahamson, J., Vander Wal, R. L. & Russo, C., Aug 1 2018, In : Fuel. 225, p. 218-224 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Soot
Electron energy loss spectroscopy
High resolution transmission electron microscopy
Nanostructures
Methane
4 Citations (Scopus)
incandescence
tires
soot
optical properties
lasers
2017
25 Citations (Scopus)

A Laboratory Comparison of Emission Factors, Number Size Distributions, and Morphology of Ultrafine Particles from 11 Different Household Cookstove-Fuel Systems

Shen, G., Gaddam, C. K., Ebersviller, S. M., Vander Wal, R. L., Williams, C., Faircloth, J. W., Jetter, J. J. & Hays, M. D., Jun 6 2017, In : Environmental Science and Technology. 51, 11, p. 6522-6532 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fuel systems
Penicillin G Benzathine
Stoves
Alcohols
Kerosene
7 Citations (Scopus)

Characterization of emissions and residues from simulations of the Deepwater Horizon surface oil burns

Gullett, B. K., Aurell, J., Holder, A., Mitchell, W., Greenwell, D., Hays, M., Conmy, R., Tabor, D., Preston, W., George, I., Abrahamson, J. P., Vander Wal, R. & Holder, E., Apr 15 2017, In : Marine pollution bulletin. 117, 1-2, p. 392-405 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

oils
Toxicity
oil
Crude oil
emissions factor
7 Citations (Scopus)

Impacts of advanced diesel combustion operation on soot nanostructure and reactivity

Yehliu, K., Lilik, G. K., Vander Wal, R. L., Sun, C. & Boehman, A. L., Aug 1 2017, In : International Journal of Engine Research. 18, 5-6, p. 532-542 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Soot
Nanostructures
Exhaust gas recirculation
Fuel injection
Diesel engines
19 Citations (Scopus)

Improved quantification of curvature in high-resolution transmission electron microscopy lattice fringe micrographs of soots

Wang, C., Huddle, T., Huang, C. H., Zhu, W., Vander Wal, R. L., Lester, E. H. & Mathews, J. P., Jun 1 2017, In : Carbon. 117, p. 174-181 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Soot
High resolution transmission electron microscopy
Defects
Carbon black
Climate change
6 Citations (Scopus)

Nanostructure and burning mode of light-duty diesel particulate with conventional diesel, biodiesel, and intermediate blends

Strzelec, A., Vander Wal, R. L., Lewis, S. A., Toops, T. J. & Daw, C. S., Aug 1 2017, In : International Journal of Engine Research. 18, 5-6, p. 520-531 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Biodiesel
Nanostructures
Oxidation
High resolution transmission electron microscopy
Trajectories
13 Citations (Scopus)

Pulsed laser annealing of carbon black

Abrahamson, J. P., Singh, M., Mathews, J. P. & Vander Wal, R. L., Nov 2017, In : Carbon. 124, p. 380-390 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Soot
Carbon black
Pulsed lasers
Annealing
Lasers
2016
4 Citations (Scopus)

A survey of jet aircraft PM by TEM in APEX III

Huang, C. H., Bryg, V. M. & Vander Wal, R. L., Sep 1 2016, In : Atmospheric Environment. 140, p. 614-622 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

soot
transmission electron microscopy
aircraft
climate effect
particulate matter
4 Citations (Scopus)

Characterization of the particulate emissions from the BP Deepwater Horizon surface oil burns

Gullett, B. K., Hays, M. D., Tabor, D. & Vander Wal, R. L., Jun 15 2016, In : Marine pollution bulletin. 107, 1, p. 216-223 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

particulate emissions
polychlorinated dibenzodioxins
Particulate emissions
PCDD
polychlorinated dibenzofurans
8 Citations (Scopus)

Chemistry characterization of jet aircraft engine particulate matter by XPS: Results from APEX III

Vander Wal, R. L., Bryg, V. M. & Huang, C. H., Sep 1 2016, In : Atmospheric Environment. 140, p. 623-629 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

X-ray spectroscopy
particulate matter
engine
aircraft
lubricant
19 Citations (Scopus)

Impact of rail pressure and biodiesel fueling on the particulate morphology and soot nanostructures from a common-rail turbocharged direct injection diesel engine

Ye, P., Sun, C., Lapuerta, M., Agudelo, J., Vander Wal, R., Boehman, A. L., Toops, T. J. & Daw, S., Feb 1 2016, In : International Journal of Engine Research. 17, 2, p. 193-208 16 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fueling
Direct injection
Soot
Biodiesel
Diesel engines

Investigation of subsequent deposit growth on pre-existing lubricant deposits: a substitutional growth model

Kouame, S. D. B., Vander Wal, R. L. & Perez, J., Aug 1 2016, In : Lubrication Science. 28, 5, p. 267-280 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lubricants
Deposits
Oxidation
Dehydrogenation
Stretching
10 Citations (Scopus)

NO2 Oxidation Reactivity and Burning Mode of Diesel Particulates

Strzelec, A., Vander Wal, R. L., Thompson, T. N., Toops, T. J. & Daw, C. S., May 1 2016, In : Topics in Catalysis. 59, 8-9, p. 686-694 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Oxidation
Specific surface area
Transmission electron microscopy
Kinetics
Biofuels
18 Citations (Scopus)

Partial premixing effects upon soot nanostructure

Huang, C. H. & Vander Wal, R. L., Jun 1 2016, In : Combustion and Flame. 168, p. 403-408 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

premixing
Soot
soot
Nanostructures
Benzene
6 Citations (Scopus)

Predictive Model Development for Aviation Black Carbon Mass Emissions from Alternative and Conventional Fuels at Ground and Cruise

Abrahamson, J. P., Zelina, J., Andac, M. G. & Vander Wal, R. L., Nov 1 2016, In : Environmental Science and Technology. 50, 21, p. 12048-12055 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Soot
black carbon
Aviation
engine
Engines
15 Citations (Scopus)

Quantification of nano-scale carbon structure by HRTEM and lattice fringe analysis

Gaddam, C. K., Huang, C. H. & Vander Wal, R. L., Jun 1 2016, In : Pattern Recognition Letters. 76, p. 90-97 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Soot
Carbon
Image analysis
Graphene
Nanostructures
26 Citations (Scopus)

Reconciliation of carbon oxidation rates and activation energies based on changing nanostructure

Gaddam, C. K., Vander Wal, R. L., Chen, X., Yezerets, A. & Kamasamudram, K., Mar 1 2016, In : Carbon. 98, p. 545-556 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nanostructures
Carbon
Activation energy
Oxidation
Soot
2015
2 Citations (Scopus)

Deposit formation from lubricant degradation: A uniform layer deposition model

Kouame, S. D. B., Wal, R. L. V. & Perez, J., Jan 1 2015, In : Lubrication Science. 27, 1, p. 1-13 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lubricants
Deposits
Degradation
Aging of materials
Functional groups
5 Citations (Scopus)

Direct microplasma analysis of coals and sorbents for C, H, N, S and mineral element concentrations

Gaddam, C. K. & Vander Wal, R. L., Apr 1 2015, In : International Journal of Coal Geology. 143, p. 11-21 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sorbents
Minerals
Coal
coal
Chemical elements
61 Citations (Scopus)

Effect of nanostructure, oxidative pressure and extent of oxidation on model carbon reactivity

Jaramillo, I. C., Gaddam, C. K., Vander Wal, R. L. & Lighty, J. A. S., May 1 2015, In : Combustion and Flame. 162, 5, p. 1848-1856 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nanostructures
Carbon
reactivity
Oxidation
oxidation
4 Citations (Scopus)

Experimental Studies of High Efficiency Combustion with Fumigation of Dimethyl Ether and Propane into Diesel Engine Intake Air

Prabhakar, B., Jayaraman, S., Vander Wal, R. L. & Boehman, A., Apr 1 2015, In : Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power. 137, 4, 041505.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fumigation
Air intakes
Propane
Diesel engines
Ethers
15 Citations (Scopus)

The effect of oxidation pressure on the equilibrium nanostructure of soot particles

Toth, P., Palotas, A. B., Ring, T. A., Eddings, E. G., Vander Wal, R. L. & Lighty, J. A. S., Jun 1 2015, In : Combustion and Flame. 162, 6, p. 2422-2430 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Soot
soot
Nanostructures
Oxidation
oxidation
2014
46 Citations (Scopus)

Aircraft engine particulate matter: Macro- micro- and nanostructure by HRTEM and chemistry by XPS

Vander Wal, R. L., Bryg, V. M. & Huang, C. H., Feb 1 2014, In : Combustion and Flame. 161, 2, p. 602-611 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

aircraft engines
Aircraft engines
Particulate Matter
High resolution electron microscopy
particulates
8 Citations (Scopus)

An investigation of micro-hollow cathode glow discharge generated optical emission spectroscopy for hydrocarbon detection and differentiation

Vander Wal, R. L., Gaddam, C. K. & Kulis, M. J., Jun 1 2014, In : Applied Spectroscopy. 68, 6, p. 649-656 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

cathode glow
Heptanes
Optical emission spectroscopy
Nitrobenzene
hollow cathodes
8 Citations (Scopus)
Soot
Gas turbines
Nanostructures
Particulate emissions
Coal
55 Citations (Scopus)

Soot oxidation kinetics under pressurized conditions

Jaramillo, I. C., Gaddam, C. K., Vander Wal, R. L., Huang, C. H., Levinthal, J. D. & Lighty, J. A. S., Jan 1 2014, In : Combustion and Flame. 161, 11, p. 2951-2965 15 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Soot
soot
Oxidation
oxidation
Kinetics
5 Citations (Scopus)
Glow discharges
Biological Products
Minerals
Plasmas
Fertilizers
2013
30 Citations (Scopus)

Characterization of gaseous and particulate emissions from a turboshaft engine burning conventional, alternative, and surrogate fuels

Cain, J., Dewitt, M. J., Blunck, D., Corporan, E., Striebich, R., Anneken, D., Klingshirn, C., Roquemore, W. M. & Vander Wal, R., Apr 18 2013, In : Energy and Fuels. 27, 4, p. 2290-2302 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Particulate emissions
Gas emissions
Engines
Particulate Matter
Soot
15 Citations (Scopus)

Detection of explosives by plasma optical emission spectroscopy

Fujiyama-Novak, J. H., Gaddam, C. K., Das, D., Wal, R. L. V. & Ward, B., Jan 1 2013, In : Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical. 176, p. 985-993 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Optical emission spectroscopy
optical emission spectroscopy
Detectors
Plasmas
Spectrometers
23 Citations (Scopus)

Effect of soot structure evolution from commercial jet engine burning petroleum based JP-8 and synthetic HRJ and FT fuels

Huang, C. H. & Vander Wal, R. L., Aug 15 2013, In : Energy and Fuels. 27, 8, p. 4946-4958 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Soot
Jet engines
Petroleum
Crude oil
Nanostructures
30 Citations (Scopus)

Forensics of soot: C5-related nanostructure as a diagnostic of in-cylinder chemistry

Vander Wal, R. L., Strzelec, A., Toops, T. J., Stuart Daw, C. & Genzale, C. L., Jul 15 2013, In : Fuel. 113, p. 522-526 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Soot
Engine cylinders
Nanostructures
Biofuels
Biodiesel
76 Citations (Scopus)

Impact of engine operating modes and combustion phasing on the reactivity of diesel soot

Yehliu, K., Armas, O., Vander Wal, R. L. & Boehman, A. L., Mar 1 2013, In : Combustion and Flame. 160, 3, p. 682-691 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Soot
soot
engines
reactivity
Engines
72 Citations (Scopus)

Physical and chemical characterization of SIDI engine particulates

Gaddam, C. K. & Vander Wal, R. L., Nov 1 2013, In : Combustion and Flame. 160, 11, p. 2517-2528 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

spark ignition
Direct injection
Electric sparks
particulates
Soot
2012
3 Citations (Scopus)

Fire signatures of spacecraft materials: Gases and particulates

Vander Wal, R. L., Pushkarev, V. & Fujiyama-Novak, J. H., Feb 1 2012, In : Combustion and Flame. 159, 2, p. 897-904 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

particulates
Spacecraft
spacecraft
Fires
Gases
148 Citations (Scopus)

Impact of fuel formulation on the nanostructure and reactivity of diesel soot

Yehliu, K., Vander Wal, R. L., Armas, O. & Boehman, A. L., Dec 1 2012, In : Combustion and Flame. 159, 12, p. 3597-3606 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Soot
soot
Nanostructures
reactivity
formulations
3 Citations (Scopus)

Multifunctional glow discharge analyzer for spacecraft monitoring

Fujiyama-Novak, J. H., Mukherjee, A., Bhimanapati, G. R., Gaddam, C. K., Vander Wal, R. L. & Ward, B., Mar 1 2012, In : Combustion and Flame. 159, 3, p. 1160-1164 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Glow discharges
Aerosols
glow discharges
Spacecraft
analyzers
2011
62 Citations (Scopus)

A comparison of soot nanostructure obtained using two high resolution transmission electron microscopy image analysis algorithms

Yehliu, K., Vander Wal, R. L. & Boehman, A. L., Nov 1 2011, In : Carbon. 49, 13, p. 4256-4268 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Soot
High resolution transmission electron microscopy
Image analysis
Nanostructures
Carbon
7 Citations (Scopus)

Atmospheric microplasma jet: Spectroscopic database development and analytical results

Vanderwal, R. L., Fujiyama-Novak, J. H., Gaddam, C. K., Das, D., Hariharan, A. & Ward, B., Sep 1 2011, In : Applied Spectroscopy. 65, 9, p. 1073-1082 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

microplasmas
organic compounds
Organic compounds
Swan bands
Plasmas

Characterization of the oxidation kinetics and morphology of diesel particulates

Daw, C. S., Toops, T., Boehman, A., Vander Wal, R. L. & Strzelec, A., 2011, In : ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Biofuels
Biodiesel
Oxidation
Kinetics
Fueling
174 Citations (Scopus)

Development of an HRTEM image analysis method to quantify carbon nanostructure

Yehliu, K., Vander Wal, R. L. & Boehman, A. L., Sep 1 2011, In : Combustion and Flame. 158, 9, p. 1837-1851 15 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

High resolution transmission electron microscopy
image analysis
Image analysis
Nanostructures
Carbon
3 Citations (Scopus)

Leading fire signatures of spacecraft materials: Light gases, condensables, and particulates

Vander Wal, R. L. & Fujiyama-Novak, J. H., Nov 1 2011, In : Fire Safety Journal. 46, 8, p. 506-519 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

particulates
Spacecraft
spacecraft
Fires
Gases