Robert L. Sainburg

PhD, OTR/L

    • Burrows Street, 29 Recreation Building

      16802 University Park

    • 500 University Drive, C2852 Biomedical Research Building

      17033-0859 Hershey, PA

    • 4819 Citations
    • 38 h-Index
    1991 …2023
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    Personal profile

    Professional information

    https://profiles.psu.edu/profiles/display/111920

    Research interests

    Dr. Sainburg is a Professor of Kinesiology and Neurology at Penn State University and Penn State College of Medicine, and Director of the Center for Movement Science and Technology (C-MOST) in the Huck Institute of Life Sciences. He manages two laboratories, the Movement Neuroscience laboratory at Penn State University, department of Kinesiology on the main (University Park) campus and the Neurorehabilitation Research Laboratory at Penn State College of Medicine (Hershey), department of Neurology. His research program is fundamentally translational, focusing on understanding basic neural mechanisms that underlie control, coordination, adaptation, and learning of voluntary movements in humans. A major theme of his research has been neural lateralization for motor control. His research in patient populations addresses the functional neuroanatomy underlying lateralized processes of motor control, and the deficits that occur due to neuronal damage to the associated structures. Dr. Sainburg’s research has led to a model of neural lateralization that attributes different aspects of control to each hemisphere, such that each hemisphere contributes unique control mechanisms to both sides of the body. This bi-hemispheric model of motor control has been able to predict hemisphere-specific deficits in both arms of unilaterally lesioned stroke patients. Most importantly, this work has led to a mechanistic understanding of non-paretic arm (ipsilesional) motor deficits in stroke patients. His current research along with Collaborator Carolee Winstein PT PhD at USC is exploring occupational therapy and physical therapy based clinical intervention that uses virtual reality and real-world training to ameliorate these deficits and improve functional independence in stroke patients.

    Education/Academic qualification

    Neurobiology, Post Doctoral Fellowship

    19931996

    Physiology/Neurobiology, MS, Rutgers University

    19871989

    Occupational Therapy, BS, New York University

    Aug 30 1980Aug 30 1984

    Neurobiology, PhD, Rutgers University

    19891993

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    Projects 1996 2023

    Predicting Ipsilesional Motor Deficits in Stroke with Dynamic Dominance Model

    Sainburg, R. L. & Winstein, C.

    9/1/105/31/23

    Project: Research projectIndividual grant

    Stroke
    Paresis
    Activities of Daily Living
    Arm
    Cerebrum
    Functional Laterality
    Torque
    Learning
    Hand
    Extremities

    LEARNING AND GENERALIZATION OF MULTIJOINT DYNAMICS

    Sainburg, R. L.

    National Institutes of Health

    9/10/968/31/01

    Project: Research projectResearch Scientist Development Award - Research & Training

    Learning
    Torque
    Research
    Occupational Therapy
    Nervous System

    Research Output 1991 2018

    Hand
    Costs and Cost Analysis
    Reaction Time
    Functional Laterality
    1 Citations

    Handedness results from complementary hemispheric dominance, not global hemispheric dominance: evidence from mechanically coupled bilateral movements

    Woytowicz, E. J., Westlake, K. P., Whitall, J. & Sainburg, R. L., Aug 9 2018, In : Journal of Neurophysiology. 120, 2, p. 729-740 12 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Functional Laterality
    Hand
    Arm
    Bread
    Cerebrum
    2 Citations

    Is Hand Selection Modulated by Cognitive–perceptual Load?

    Liang, J., Wilkinson, K. M. & Sainburg, R. L., Jan 15 2018, In : Neuroscience. 369, p. 363-373 11 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Hand
    Biomechanical Phenomena
    Sample Size
    Reaction Time
    Costs and Cost Analysis

    Bimanual reflexes during shared bimanual tasks are asymmetric

    Schaffer, J. E. & Sainburg, R. L., 2017.

    Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

    Reflex
    Arm
    Reaction Time
    Muscles
    Stretch Reflex

    Interlimb differences in coordination of unsupported reaching movements

    Schaffer, J. E. & Sainburg, R. L., May 14 2017, In : Neuroscience. 350, p. 54-64 11 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Arm
    Electric Impedance
    Extremities
    Functional Laterality
    Cerebrum