• 2591 Citations
  • 27 h-Index
19962019
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Research Output 1996 2019

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Article
1996
27 Citations (Scopus)
Welds
Nitrogen
Metals
Plasmas
Iron
1998
22 Citations (Scopus)

Enhanced dissolution of nitrogen during gas tungsten arc welding of steels

Palmer, T. & Debroy, T., Jan 1 1998, In : Science and Technology of Welding and Joining. 3, 4, p. 190-203 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

gas tungsten arc welding
Tungsten
Steel
Electric arc welding
dissolving
2000
30 Citations (Scopus)
gas tungsten arc welding
Tungsten
Electric arc welding
dissolving
Dissolution
2002
51 Citations (Scopus)
Stainless Steel
austenite
Synchrotron radiation
Austenite
Ferrite
13 Citations (Scopus)

Synchrotron radiation analyzes steel welds

Elmer, J. W., Palmer, T. & Babu, S. S., Nov 1 2002, Advanced Materials and Processes, 160, 11, p. 23-26 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to specialist publicationArticle

Steel
Synchrotron radiation
Welds
2003
41 Citations (Scopus)

In situ observations of phase transitions in Ti-6Al-4V alloy welds using spatially resolved x-ray diffraction

Elmer, J. W., Palmer, T. A. & Wong, J., Feb 15 2003, In : Journal of Applied Physics. 93, 4, p. 1941-1947 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

x ray diffraction
thermodynamic equilibrium
heat transmission
kinetics
98 Citations (Scopus)

Kinetic modeling of phase transformations occurring in the HAZ of C-Mn steel welds based on direct observations

Elmer, J. W., Palmer, T., Zhang, W., Wood, B. & Debroy, T., Jul 16 2003, In : Acta Materialia. 51, 12, p. 3333-3349 17 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Steel
Heat affected zone
Welds
Phase transitions
Kinetics
2004
41 Citations (Scopus)
Bainite
Steel
Electric arc welding
Martensite
Austenite
56 Citations (Scopus)
spot welds
heat affected zone
Stainless Steel
Heat affected zone
austenite
143 Citations (Scopus)

Phase transformation dynamics during welding of Ti-6Al-4V

Elmer, J. W., Palmer, T., Babu, S. S., Zhang, W. & Debroy, T., Jun 15 2004, In : Journal of Applied Physics. 95, 12, p. 8327-8339 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

welding
phase transformations
gas tungsten arc welding
heating
heat affected zone
2005
17 Citations (Scopus)

Direct observations of the formation and growth of austenite from pearlite and allotriomorphic ferrite in a C-Mn steel arc weld

Palmer, T. & Elmer, J. W., Sep 1 2005, In : Scripta Materialia. 53, 5, p. 535-540 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

pearlite
Pearlite
Steel
austenite
Austenite
11 Citations (Scopus)
heat affected zone
Steel
Heat affected zone
austenite
Austenite
120 Citations (Scopus)

In situ observations of lattice expansion and transformation rates of α and β phases in Ti-6Al-4V

Elmer, J. W., Palmer, T., Babu, S. S. & Specht, E. D., Jan 25 2005, In : Materials Science and Engineering A. 391, 1-2, p. 104-113 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lattice constants
lattice parameters
heating
expansion
Heating
23 Citations (Scopus)

Low temperature relaxation of residual stress in Ti-6Al-4V

Elmer, J. W., Palmer, T., Babu, S. S. & Specht, E. D., May 1 2005, In : Scripta Materialia. 52, 10, p. 1051-1056 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

contraction
residual stress
Residual stresses
expansion
Synchrotrons
33 Citations (Scopus)

Modeling of ferrite formation in a duplex stainless steel weld considering non-uniform starting microstructure

Zhang, W., Debroy, T., Palmer, T. & Elmer, J. W., Sep 1 2005, In : Acta Materialia. 53, 16, p. 4441-4453 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Stainless Steel
Ferrite
Welds
Stainless steel
Microstructure
2006
15 Citations (Scopus)

Development of an explosive welding process for producing high-strength welds between niobium and 6061-T651 aluminum

Palmer, T., Elmer, J. W., Brasher, D., Butler, D. & Riddle, R., Nov 1 2006, In : Welding Journal (Miami, Fla). 85, 11

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Niobium
Explosive welding
Aluminum
Welds
Impact strength
16 Citations (Scopus)

Direct observations of rapid diffusion of Cu in Au thin films using in situ x-ray diffraction

Elmer, J. W., Palmer, T. & Specht, E. D., Jul 1 2006, In : Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces and Films. 24, 4, p. 978-987 10 p., 102604JVA.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

x ray diffraction
Diffraction
X rays
Thin films
thin films
26 Citations (Scopus)
Steel
Electric arc welding
Heat affected zone
Welds
Cooling
2007
10 Citations (Scopus)
Electron beams
Welds
electron beams
Optics
radiant flux density
84 Citations (Scopus)
Stainless Steel
Synchrotrons
stainless steels
synchrotrons
Stainless steel
183 Citations (Scopus)

Heat transfer and fluid flow during keyhole mode laser welding of tantalum, Ti-6Al-4V, 304L stainless steel and vanadium

Rai, R., Elmer, J. W., Palmer, T. & Debroy, T., Sep 21 2007, In : Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics. 40, 18, p. 5753-5766 14 p., 037.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tantalum
Vanadium
laser welding
Laser beam welding
Stainless Steel
38 Citations (Scopus)

In situ observations of sigma phase dissolution in 2205 duplex stainless steel using synchrotron X-ray diffraction

Elmer, J. W., Palmer, T. & Specht, E. D., Jun 25 2007, In : Materials Science and Engineering A. 459, 1-2, p. 151-155 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Stainless Steel
Synchrotrons
stainless steels
dissolving
synchrotrons
30 Citations (Scopus)

Phase-field modelling and synchrotron validation of phase transformations in martensitic dual-phase steel

Thiessen, R. G., Sietsma, J., Palmer, T., Elmer, J. W. & Richardson, I. M., Jan 1 2007, In : Acta Materialia. 55, 2, p. 601-614 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Steel
Synchrotrons
Austenite
Phase transitions
Cooling
8 Citations (Scopus)

Transferring electron beam welding parameters using the enhanced modified faraday cup

Palmer, T., Elmer, J. W., Nicklas, K. D. & Mustaleski, T., Dec 1 2007, In : Welding Journal (Miami, Fla). 86, 12

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Electron beam welding
Welds
Welding machines
Stainless Steel
Electron beams
2008
10 Citations (Scopus)

Direct observation of phase transformations in the simulated heat-affected zone of a 9Cr martensitic steel

Mayr, P., Palmer, T., Elmer, J. W. & Specht, E. D., Apr 1 2008, In : Zeitschrift fuer Metallkunde/Materials Research and Advanced Techniques. 99, 4, p. 381-386 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Martensitic steel
heat affected zone
Heat affected zone
phase transformations
Phase transitions
3 Citations (Scopus)

Improving process control in electron beam welding using the enhanced modified faraday cup

Palmer, T. & Elmer, J. W., Aug 1 2008, In : Journal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering, Transactions of the ASME. 130, 4, p. 410081-4100815 3690735 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Electron beam welding
Process control
Welds
Full width at half maximum
Quality control
2009
61 Citations (Scopus)

Heat transfer and fluid flow during electron beam welding of 304L stainless steel alloy

Rai, R., Palmer, T., Elmer, J. W. & Debroy, T., Mar 1 2009, In : Welding Journal (Miami, Fla). 88, 3

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Electron beam welding
Stainless Steel
Alloy steel
Flow of fluids
Welds
156 Citations (Scopus)

Problems and issues in laser-arc hybrid welding

Ribic, B., Palmer, T. & Debroy, T., Jul 1 2009, In : International Materials Reviews. 54, 4, p. 223-244 22 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Welding
Lasers
Laser beam welding
Electric arc welding
Welds
2010
16 Citations (Scopus)

Formation of delta ferrite in 9 Wt Pct Cr steel investigated by in-situ x-ray diffraction using synchrotron radiation

Mayr, P., Palmer, T. A., Elmer, J. W., Specht, E. D. & Allen, S. M., Oct 1 2010, In : Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science. 41, 10, p. 2462-2465 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Steel
Synchrotron radiation
carbides
Ferrite
ferrites
2011
3 Citations (Scopus)

Direct observation of austenitisation in 1005 C-Mn steel during continuous heating using in situ synchrotron X-ray diffraction

Palmer, T., Elmer, J. W., Mayr, P. & Specht, E. D., Jul 1 2011, In : Science and Technology of Welding and Joining. 16, 5, p. 377-384 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Steel
Synchrotrons
synchrotrons
steels
Heating
2012
10 Citations (Scopus)

Evolution of laser-fired aluminum-silicon contact geometry in photovoltaic devices

Raghavan, A., Palmer, T. & Debroy, T., Jan 15 2012, In : Journal of Applied Physics. 111, 2, 024903.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

aluminum
silicon
geometry
lasers
solar cells
8 Citations (Scopus)

Identifying performance differences in transmissive and reflective laser optics using beam diagnostic tools

Blecher, J., Palmer, T. A., Kelly, S. M. & Martukanitz, R. P., Jul 1 2012, In : Welding Journal. 91, 7, p. 204S-214S

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Laser optics
Optics
High power lasers
Fiber lasers
Welds
13 Citations (Scopus)

Laser-silicon interaction for selective emitter formation in photovoltaics. I. Numerical model and validation

Blecher, J. J., Palmer, T. & Debroy, T., Dec 1 2012, In : Journal of Applied Physics. 112, 11, 114906.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

emitters
travel
silicon
profiles
geometry
10 Citations (Scopus)

Laser-silicon interaction for selective emitter formation in photovoltaics. II. Model applications

Blecher, J. J., Palmer, T., Reutzel, E. W. & Debroy, T., Dec 1 2012, In : Journal of Applied Physics. 112, 11, 114907.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

emitters
travel
silicon
lasers
interactions
2013
8 Citations (Scopus)

Capillary wicking of liquid lithium on laser textured surfaces for plasma facing components

Lin, T. F., Palmer, T., Meinert, Jr., K. C., Murray, N. R. & Majeski, R., Jan 1 2013, In : Journal of Nuclear Materials. 433, 1-3, p. 55-65 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

liquid lithium
Lithium
Plasmas
lithium
2-Propanol
40 Citations (Scopus)

Heat transfer and fluid flow in additive manufacturing

Raghavan, A., Wei, H. L., Palmer, T. & Debroy, T., Nov 1 2013, In : Journal of Laser Applications. 25, 5, 052006.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3D printers
surface geometry
fluid flow
laser welding
Flow of fluids
2014
2 Citations (Scopus)

Passivation layer breakdown during laser-fired contact formation for photovoltaic devices

Raghavan, A., Palmer, T. & Debroy, T., Jan 1 2014, In : Applied Physics Letters. 105, 2, 024105.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

passivity
breakdown
lasers
pulse duration
low resistance
13 Citations (Scopus)

Real time monitoring of laser beam welding keyhole depth by laser interferometry

Blecher, J. J., Galbraith, C. M., Van Vlack, C., Palmer, T., Fraser, J. M., Webster, P. J. & Debroy, T., Oct 1 2014, In : Science and Technology of Welding and Joining. 19, 7, p. 560-564 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Laser interferometry
laser interferometry
Laser beam welding
welding
Welds
34 Citations (Scopus)

Solidification map of a nickel-base alloy

Blecher, J. J., Palmer, T. & Debroy, T., Jan 1 2014, In : Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science. 45, 4, p. 2142-2151 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nickel
solidification
Solidification
nickel
Thermal gradients
51 Citations (Scopus)

Toward an integrated computational system for describing the additive manufacturing process for metallic materials

Martukanitz, R., Michaleris, P., Palmer, T., Debroy, T., Liu, Z., Otis, R., Heo, T. W. & Chen, L., Oct 1 2014, In : Additive Manufacturing. 1, p. 52-63 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3D printers
2015
268 Citations (Scopus)

Anisotropic tensile behavior of Ti-6Al-4V components fabricated with directed energy deposition additive manufacturing

Carroll, B. E., Palmer, T. & Beese, A. M., Apr 1 2015, In : Acta Materialia. 87, p. 309-320 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3D printers
Ductility
Mechanical properties
Oxygen
Yield stress
106 Citations (Scopus)

Effect of inter-layer dwell time on distortion and residual stress in additive manufacturing of titanium and nickel alloys

Denlinger, E. R., Heigel, J. C., Michaleris, P. & Palmer, T., Jan 1 2015, In : Journal of Materials Processing Technology. 215, p. 123-131 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3D printers
Nickel alloys
Titanium alloys
Residual stresses
Lasers
3 Citations (Scopus)

Employing microsecond pulses to form laser-fired contacts in photovoltaic devices

Raghavan, A. S., Palmer, T., Kragh-Buetow, K. C., Domask, A. C., Reutzel, E. W., Mohney, S. E. & Debroy, T., Aug 1 2015, In : Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications. 23, 8, p. 1025-1036 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Laser pulses
Aluminum
Lasers
pulses
lasers
13 Citations (Scopus)

Fusion zone microstructure and geometry in complete-joint-penetration laser-arc hybrid welding of low-alloy steel

Wei, H. L., Blecher, J. J., Palmer, T. & Debroy, T., Apr 1 2015, In : Welding Journal. 94, 4, p. 135s-144s

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

High strength steel
Welding
Fusion reactions
Microstructure
Geometry
46 Citations (Scopus)

In situ monitoring and characterization of distortion during laser cladding of Inconel® 625

Heigel, J. C., Michaleris, P. & Palmer, T., Jan 1 2015, In : Journal of Materials Processing Technology. 220, p. 135-145 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Laser Cladding
Laser cladding
Monitoring
Hatches
Bending (forming)
16 Citations (Scopus)
Laser beam welding
Electric arc welding
Welds
Defects
Lasers
48 Citations (Scopus)

Modeling forced convection in the thermal simulation of laser cladding processes

Gouge, M. F., Heigel, J. C., Michaleris, P. & Palmer, T., Jul 28 2015, In : International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology. 79, 1-4, p. 307-320 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Laser cladding
Forced convection
Hot Temperature
Convection
Natural convection
21 Citations (Scopus)
phase transformations
Phase transitions
shape memory alloys
Shape memory effect
Powders
2016
26 Citations (Scopus)
phase transformations
Precipitates
precipitates
microstructure
Microstructure
135 Citations (Scopus)
3D printers
Austenitic stainless steel
Tensile properties
Microstructure
Processing