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Personal profile

Research interests

Dr. William Calo is a Latino health services researcher. His research program examines how to adapt, implement and evaluate evidence-based interventions to improve cancer prevention and control among diverse and disadvantaged populations. Dr. Calo is currently focused on the impact of interpersonal, systems and policy strategies on HPV vaccine uptake in rural communities and the implementation of locally tailored programs to improve physical activity, nutrition and community-clinical linkages. He applies implementation science methodologies in his studies.

Teaching and educational interests

Dr. William Calo has taught health services research and health policy courses in the Department of Public Health Sciences. He developed a new graduate course, PHS 534 Public Health Law Research and Practice, to give law and public health students a foundation on how to empirically evaluate laws and policies to advance population health with a focus on cancer prevention and control.

Education/Academic qualification

Post-doctoral training, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill


PhD, The University of Texas School of Public Health at Houston


MPH, University of Puerto Rico School of Public Health


BS, University of Puerto Rico, College of Natural Sciences


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Research Output

HPV vaccine requirements, opt-outs and providers’ support: Key studies missing from a recent systematic review

Calo, W. A. & Brewer, N. T., Jan 2 2020, In : Human Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics. 16, 1, p. 128-130 3 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • 1 Scopus citations

    Coaching primary care clinics for HPV vaccination quality improvement: Comparing in-person and webinar implementation

    Calo, W. A., Gilkey, M. B., Leeman, J., Heisler-MacKinnon, J., Averette, C., Sanchez, S., Kornides, M. L. & Brewer, N. T., Jan 1 2019, In : Translational behavioral medicine. 9, 1, p. 23-31 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • 2 Scopus citations

    Disparities and reverse disparities in HPV vaccination: A systematic review and meta-analysis

    Spencer, J. C., Calo, W. A. & Brewer, N. T., Jun 2019, In : Preventive Medicine. 123, p. 197-203 7 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

  • 4 Scopus citations

    Implementing pharmacy-located HPV vaccination: findings from pilot projects in five U.S. states

    Calo, W. A., Shah, P. D., Gilkey, M. B., Vanderpool, R. C., Barden, S., Doucette, W. R. & Brewer, N. T., Aug 3 2019, In : Human Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics. 15, 7-8, p. 1831-1838 8 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • 5 Scopus citations