A Structured Approach to the Design of Minimally Traumatic Blood Pumps

Project: Research projectResearch Project

Description

Project Summary / Abstract The objective of this research is to develop improved analytical and experimental methods used in a structured approach for the design of blood pumps with reduced potential for adverse events. We propose to continue our efforts focusing on the development of a computational platform using an open source code that integrates and couples shear-induced blood damage, thrombosis susceptibility potential, platelet activation, and thrombosis models simultaneously during the design process. Currently, only hemolysis models are used in the design phase and platelet activation used in rare cases, but neither has been integrated into a single computational model simultaneously. Our use of large eddy simulation computational fluid dynamics (CFD) provides a flow field capturing much of the turbulent flow field. We will apply this structured approach on a prototype bladed rotary ventricular assist device (VAD) that we are developing. To accomplish these goals, we will focus on the following specific aims: 1. Integrate a newly developed shear-induced blood damage model based upon dissipation (7), a thrombosis susceptibility potential (TSP) (8-10), and a platelet activation model (11) into a single computational platform to design a rotary blood pump incorporating the interaction of the VAD and native heart pulsatility. This research is intended to culminate in inclusion of a continuum-based macroscopic thrombosis model to refine the pump design. 2. Develop a continuum-based macroscopic thrombosis model for both laminar and turbulent flow and shear induced platelet activation that will be used to refine the pump design. The thrombosis model will be validated through in vitro platelet adhesion studies using a rotating disk system (RDS), an in vitro backward facing step (BFS) model using whole blood, and clinical LVAD patients. 3. Perform in vivo animal studies of a prototype rotary VAD system in non-anticoagulated animals to a) assess location, severity, and time course of thrombosis and embolization, b) study the effect of pump speed and pulsatile flow, and c) measure platelet activation, global coagulation, and hemolysis. This research will yield improved design and analysis tools in a structured approach that will be applicable to a broad range of blood pumps and blood contacting cardiovascular devices.
StatusActive
Effective start/end date5/25/184/30/22

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health: $672,971.00

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Blood
Pumps
Platelets
Chemical activation
Turbulent flow
Flow fields
Animals
Pulsatile flow
Rotating disks
Large eddy simulation
Coagulation
Laminar flow
Computational fluid dynamics
Adhesion