Daily Stress and Well-Being during Adulthood

Project: Research project

Project Details


DESCRIPTION (investigator's abstract): The application seeks support for a
study of daily stress and well-being during adulthood. The specific aims are
to: a) describe how multiple aspects of daily stressors (e.g., frequency,
content, severity) predict daily well-being during adulthood; b) examine how
sociodemographic factors (e.g., age, gender, socioeconomic status) and
personality characteristics influence exposure to daily stressors and moderate
physical, emotional, and social reactivity to daily stressors; and c) explore
the role of genetics in exposure and reactivity to daily stressors throughout
adulthood. These aims would be achieved by conducting analyses of the National
Study of Daily Experiences (NSDE), a telephone diary study of a U.S. national
sample of 1483 adults ranging in age from 25 to 74 years. Although a small
number of daily diary studies have advanced the understanding of the role of
adult development and personality in daily stress processes, there are
important limitations in these studies that could be addressed in the present
study. First, previous daily diary studies have relied on small and often
unrepresentative samples with a restricted age range that limit the
generalizability of findings. The present study overcomes this limitation by
analyzing data from a fairly large (N - 1483) and nationally representative
sample of adults in the age range 25 to 74 years. These respondents are a
representative sub-sample of a general population survey of adult development.
Second, previous studies of group and individual differences in exposure and
reactivity to daily stressors have typically examined only one source of
variability. The present study would correct this problem by utilizing the data
collected in the larger survey on a wide array of sociodemographic and
personality variables to examine the determinants of exposure and reactivity to
daily stressors. Third, previous studies have failed to investigate the role of
genetics in both exposure and reactivity to daily stressors. The NSDE uses a
sub-sample of 242 identical and same-sex fraternal twin pairs to explore how
genes and environment interact to account for individual differences in
adaptation to day-to-day stressful experiences.
Effective start/end date5/1/015/31/11


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