Development of Regioselective Alkene Dicarbofunctionalization Reactions

Project: Research project

Project Details


Project Summary/Abstract Catalytic dicarbofunctionalization of unactivated alkenes offers a powerful method to create two carbon-carbon bonds simultaneously. Achievement of this objective offers to construct the cores of many biologically important molecules rapidly, concisely and cost-effectively. Our long-term goal is to devise and create such reactions by intercepting alkylmetal intermediates, generated in situ after the addition of organic halides to alkenes, with carbon nucleophiles. The development of these processes with simple unactivated alkenes has been shown to be exceptionally challenging, however, because of two key issues; slow migratory insertion of alkenes leading to the formation of cross-coupling products, and faster ?-H elimination from alkylmetal intermediates than transmetalation leading to the formation of Heck products. In the proposed research, we will implement three strategies to difunctionalize unactivated alkenes regioselectively with organic halides and organometallic reagents. First, we will introduce a strategy of Synergistic Bimetallic Cationic Catalysis, where cationic Ni(II) catalysts are generated in situ to address the key issues identified above. This process will enable us to perform regioselective ?,?-difunctionalization of unactivated alkenes located at the ?,?-position of carbonyl compounds. In our second strategy, we introduce the concept of Metallacycle Contraction Process, a reaction that harnesses the potential of alkylmetal intermediates to undergo ?-H elimination to contract a six-membered metallacycle to a five-membered metallacycle, and difunctionalizes unactivated alkenes at the unusual 1,3-position rather than the usual 1,2-position of alkenes. This unprecedented reaction allows us to create two new carbon-carbon bonds at the ?- and ?-positions of carbonyl compounds containing ?,?-alkenes. Third, our ultimate goal is to develop novel catalysts to modulate migratory insertion and ?-H elimination processes, and enable difunctionalization to proceed with simple alkenes without requiring a coordinating group. We present different catalytic conditions, which enable dicarbofunctionalization of alkenes lacking a coordinating group. The catalytic alkene dicarbofunctionalization reactions proposed and for which we have strong preliminary results are unique transformations that cannot be achieved with using other methodology.
Effective start/end date9/1/195/31/21