Efficacy of Web-based Feedback to Improve Blood Pressure Control

Project: Research project

Description

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Hypertension is one of the most important underlying causes of morbidity and mortality in the US. Despite the existence of evidence-based hypertension guidelines, fewer than one in three patients (29 percent) with hypertension have their blood pressure under control. Though patients with hypertension often do not adhere to treatments, physician decisions have a significant role in this problem. Prompting patients to ask doctors specific questions has proven widely effective in improving preventive care, but its effect on blood pressure control has not been studied. We have developed a web-based program to be used by patients with high blood pressure before doctor visits. The program asks patients questions about their medications, their hypertension care and their blood pressure control. Based on these responses and guideline-based rules, patients are given personalized feedback. The feedback includes questions that the patient should consider asking their provider, such as "Would I benefit from keeping my systolic blood pressure less than 140?" along with supporting information and a link to a reputable website (e.g., NIH) for further reading on the topic. Given that patients tend to get tests and treatments that they ask their physicians for, the website is designed to activate patients to ask questions that lead to better blood pressure control. The main aim of the study is to test the efficacy of providing access to the hypertension module of the website. We will recruit primary care providers (26) and randomize them into two conditions, intervention (1C) and control (CC). Patients with hypertension (500), from each provider, will be recruited and given access to the hypertension module of the website (Intervention Condition) or the preventive services module (Control Condition), which serves as an active control condition. The primary outcome will be the percentage of patients in each group whose blood pressure is controlled, according to JNC7 criteria (
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date3/1/062/27/11

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health: $427,367.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $463,763.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $531,412.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $467,871.00

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Blood Pressure
Hypertension
Guidelines
Physicians
Preventive Medicine
Reading
Primary Health Care
Morbidity
Mortality
Therapeutics