Epigenetic regulation of the circadian gene Per1 in age-related memory impairments

Project: Research project

Description

Project Summary/Abstract Alzheimer's Disease affects 5.4 million Americans [1] and by 2030, approximately 13.8 million people 65 or older are projected to have the disease [2]. Even more individuals will experience normal age-related cognitive decline, mild cognitive impairment, and impairments in long-term memory formation. It is therefore critical to understand the mechanisms underlying memory formation in the context of normal age-dependent cognitive decline. This proposal tests whether Per1 is a key novel mechanism that links aberrant epigenetic transcriptional repression in the aging brain with age-related impairments in both circadian rhythmicity and long-term memory formation. First, this proposal will test whether the repressive activity of histone deacetylase 3 (HDAC3) contributes to age-related impairments in both memory formation and gene expression. Next, it will determine whether Per1 is a mechanism through which HDAC3 limits memory formation in the aging brain. Finally, using a CRISPR/dCas9-based genetic engineering approach, this project will test whether site-specific epigenetic manipulations at Per1 can ameliorate age-related impairments in memory formation. Together, the experiments in this proposal will determine whether epigenetic dysregulation of the circadian gene Per1 in the dorsal hippocampus contributes to age-related impairments in long-term memory formation. The proposed project will also help the candidate, Dr. Janine Kwapis, achieve her career goal of becoming an independent investigator at a research-focused institution. This project provides training in cutting-edge research skills, including the development and application of CRISPR/dCas9 technology and training in circadian rhythm research. Further, the proposed studies will lay the foundation for a research program that extends well beyond the proposed grant. The University of California, Irvine provides an ideal environment for training the candidate in these new technical skills, with world-renowned experts in memory, aging, circadian rhythms, and molecular biology. Further, UCI provides an intellectual environment that encourages collaboration and cooperation, allowing the candidate to grow as a scientist and prepare for a successful career. In addition to the proposed research, Dr. Kwapis will engage in a number of activities designed to prepare her to successfully achieve independence, including training in grantsmanship, presentations, scientific writing, didactic training, job application, and lab management. The systematic plan proposed here (including both the research plan and the candidate development plan) is calibrated to produce a successful, independent research scientist who performs unique cutting-edge research that can support a new laboratory and is well-positioned to receive future R01 funding.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date7/15/176/30/19

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health: $100,640.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $100,640.00

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Epigenomics
Research
Genes
Long-Term Memory
Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats
Circadian Rhythm
Epigenetic Repression
Job Application
Chronobiology Disorders
Genetic Engineering
Organized Financing
Brain
Periodicity
Molecular Biology
Hippocampus
Alzheimer Disease
Research Personnel
Technology
Gene Expression
Cognitive Dysfunction