FUNCTIONAL GENOMICS OF COCAINE SELF ADMINISTRATION

Project: Research project

Description

DESCRIPTION Cocaine and crack addiction remains a significant medical and social problem. While the dopamine transporter is thought to be the primary site of action for the acute reinforcing effects of cocaine, the post-synaptic consequences of cocaine use and the neurobiological mechanisms that subserve the addictive process remain to be confirmed. The identification of the genetic components underlying cocaine addiction is a critical step in identifying potential targets for therapeutic intervention. The central hypothesis of this application is that chronic drug abuse produces a metastable epigenetic imprint that may contribute to clinical issues such as tolerance, physical dependence, and withdrawal. This application proposes to use multiplex DNA hybridization arrays to examine the interface of functional genomics and behavior. - In Specific Aim # 1, DNA hybridization arrays will be used to profile the CNS epigenetic imprint induced by cocaine self-administration in rats. This will be accomplished using commercially available arrays as well as custom arrays, imprinted at this institution and designed to test specific hypotheses regarding cocaine abuse. These will then be followed by studies in Specific Aim #2 that examine a new binge abstinence model of cocaine administration. This model recapitulates several key features of human cocaine abuse (specifically, the progressive loss of behavioral control). Finally, studies at the end of the funding period (Specific Aim #3) will establish the time course for gene expression changes following cessation of cocaine self-administration. These last experiments will provide very important insights into the stable changes in gene expression that survive long-term cessation of the drug, while simultaneously identifying new genes whose expression is altered during the withdrawal period. In addition to the specific proposed experiments, efforts will be coordinated with Emory University, during the funding period, to establish a central repository for array data for general access by the NIDA research community (www.arraydata.org) as well as a tissue/RNA bank. The results of the studies described within the present application should provide a wealth of information concerning functional genomic contributions to the cocaine addiction process.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date9/30/007/31/08

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health: $355,457.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $210,478.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $257,421.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $234,274.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $77,439.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $324,094.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $263,616.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $325,219.00

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Self Administration
Genomics
Cocaine
Cocaine-Related Disorders
Gene Expression
Genes
Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
Epigenomics
Nucleus Accumbens
Amygdala
Prefrontal Cortex
Tissue Banks
Hippocampus
Research
Central Nervous System
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Dopamine Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins
Databases
Technology
Social Problems