Gene Gun Technology, Opioids, and Corneal Diseases

Project: Research project

Description

DESCRIPTION: The corneal epithelium modulates fluid transport for normal stromal hydration and corneal transparency, and serves as an anatomical and physiological barrier against ocular infection. This epithelium is in a constant state of renewal, and injury to this epithelium requires prompt resurfacing in order to re-establish visual function. Tools to achieve research and clinical applications to corneal diseases at the molecular level offer exciting avenues for advancement, but are stymied by the need for manipulating gene activity. Progress has been made in gene therapy through the development of a particle-mediated gene transfer delivery system (gene gun), a technique shown to be a rapid, highly efficient, and nontoxic method for transfection of genes both in vivo and in vitro. In this grant we propose to establish the gene gun as a valuable research tool in corneal epithelial biology, obtain preliminary information for the efficacy of the gene gun as a device for clinical treatment, and document the importance of the interaction of a native inhibitory peptide, opioid growth factor (OGF) with its receptor (OGFr) at the molecular level as a system regulating the homeostasis and healing of the ocular surface epithelium in humans and animals. The specific aims include: 1. Determine the importance of OGF-OGFr interfacing on maintenance of rat corneal epithelium by examining the consequences of molecular perturbation of OGF receptor gene and protein activity. 2. Define the role of an endogenous opioid system related to wound healing of the rat corneal epithelium following genetic alteration of the OGF receptor gene and protein expression in rat. 3. Ascertain the significance of OGF and OGFr function during wound healing of the human corneal epithelium using organ culture of tissues genetically modified to yield an excess or deficit of OGF receptor. Information derived from these studies will contribute to a breakthrough understanding of gene delivery systems to the corneal surface. Moreover, these investigations will simultaneously acquire invaluable knowledge about the molecular basis by which an endogenous opioid system relates to corneal epithelial homeostasis, and the restoration of corneal integrity following injury. Ultimately, such data can be employed to design molecular strategies to remedy visual dysfunction.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date8/1/017/31/05

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health: $140,500.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $140,500.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $132,805.00

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Corneal Diseases
Corneal Epithelium
Firearms
Opioid Analgesics
Technology
Gene Transfer Techniques
Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
Epithelium
Wound Healing
Genes
Homeostasis
Biolistics
Eye Infections
Opioid Peptides
Organized Financing
Organ Culture Techniques
Wounds and Injuries
Research
Genetic Therapy
Transfection