Mechanisms of oxacycle- and olefin-installing iron/2-(oxo)glutarate oxygenases

Project: Research project

Description

? DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Human iron(II)- and 2-(oxo)glutarate-dependent (Fe/2OG) dioxygenases catalyze hydroxylation of inactivated aliphatic carbon centers in reactions that are fundamentally important to central life processes (e.g., metabolism and its regulation, transcription, epigenetic inheritance) and relevant to several diseases. Plant, fungi, and bacteria have diversified the Fe/2OG structural and functional platform, using it for a bewildering array of oxidative transformations that include halogenations, dehydrogenations, cyclizations and stereoinversions of aliphatic carbon centers. As the biosynthetic machinery generating a large number of important natural-product drugs are replete with such Fe/2OG oxygenases, a predictive understanding of the reaction mechanisms and how the individual enzymes direct them could enable re-purposing of the enzymes and pathways for tailor-made drug compounds. Having recently made great progress toward understanding the hydroxylation, halogenation, and stereoinversion outcomes, we turn in this project to two of the least well- understood reaction types mediated by members of this enzyme family: oxacycle-installing 1,3- and 1,5- dehydrogenation (oxacyclization) and olefin-installing 1,2-dehydrogenation (desaturation) reactions on the pathways to the antibiotics clavulanic acid and napthyridomycin, the anesthetic scopolamine, and insecticide, norloline. We will elucidate the structures and mechanisms of the enzymes catalyzing these enigmatic reactions to develop an integrated understanding of the chemistry of this important enzyme family.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date9/10/156/30/19

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health: $435,829.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $435,739.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $435,829.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $461,237.00

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Glutarates
Oxygenases
Alkenes
Iron
Dehydrogenation
Halogenation
Enzymes
Hydroxylation
Carbon
Dioxygenases
Clavulanic Acid
Scopolamine Hydrobromide
Cyclization
Transcription
Insecticides
Biological Products
Fungi
Metabolism
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Machinery