MULTISITE PREVENTION OF CONDUCT DISORDER

Project: Research project

Project Details

Description

DESCRIPTION (Adapted from applicant's abstract): This project consists of
the continued implementation and evaluation of a developmentally based,
long-term, comprehensive intervention designed to prevent conduct problems
in adolescence. This array of conduct problems which escalate sharply
during the adolescent years includes delinquency, psychological disorder,
substance abuse, school failure and dropout, and risky sexual practices.
The project is being carried out at four sites (Durham, NC/Duck; Nashville,
TN/Vanderbilt; rural Pennsylvania/Penn State; and Seattle, WA/Univ. of
Washington). Three successive cohorts of children are involved in the
project. The screening procedure of Fast Track identified high-risk
children in kindergarten by their early conduct problems at home and school.
These kindergarten-age children were randomly assigned by school to an
intervention control group. Intervention began in the first grade with
high-risk children, their adult caretakers, and their teachers. The
elementary school phase of the prevention program addressed six areas or
risk and protective factors derived from the developmental model:
parenting, child problem-solving and emotional coping skills, peer
relations, classroom atmosphere and curriculum, academic achievement and
home-school relations. Project results thus far indicate that the
intervention has effectively improved parenting practices and children's
social-cognitive skills, peer relations, reading achievement, and problem
behavior at home and school during the elementary school years. The primary
aims of this renewal proposal are: 1) to take these three cohorts through
the transition-to-adolescence phase of the project, with an intensive
intervention in the sixth and seventh grades and then with monitoring and
facilitation of their progress through the tenth grade year; and 2) to
evaluate the long-term outcomes of this intervention through the high school
years.

The adolescent phase of intervention emphasizes four protective factors:
parental monitoring and positive involvement, protection from deviant peer
influences, positive identity and social-cognitive processes, and academic
achievement and commitment to school. The proposed adolescent program
includes curriculum-based parent and youth sessions (grades 5-7), and
individualized prevention services through grade 10 (e.g., academic
tutoring, vocational development support, mentoring, consultation with
teachers, and home-visiting). Using multiple sources of information on the
five categories of adolescent problem behavior, evaluations of outcome will
focus on the intervention's success in reducing the latency to onset,
frequency, severity, and chronicity of these problems. Comparisons will
continue to be made to a control group and to a normative sample
representative of the four communities. Universal prevention effects on the
classmates of the high-risk participants will also be examined over time.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date9/30/938/31/03

Funding

  • National Institute of Mental Health
  • National Institute of Mental Health: $1,394,248.00
  • National Institute of Mental Health: $1,310,631.00
  • National Institute of Mental Health
  • National Institute of Mental Health
  • National Institute of Mental Health
  • National Institute of Mental Health
  • National Institute of Mental Health
  • National Institute of Mental Health: $823,585.00
  • National Institute of Mental Health

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