PARENTAL WORK, FAMILY DYNAMICS, &ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT

  • Crouter, Ann C. (PI)

Project: Research project

Project Details

Description

The proposed research uses a within-family design to explore how
characteristics mothers' and fathers' work and adolescents' personal
characteristics are linked to differential family socialization
experiences of adolescent siblings. We focus on characteristics of both
parents' work (job autonomy, job stress, and work-related resources and
demands) and how these are linked to two aspects of family dynamics: (1)
parents' childrearing strategies (time spent with children, discipline,
monitoring of youths' activities, maturity demands, and emotional
support); and (2) family roles and relationships (sex roles, marital
conflict, sibling relationship). To begin to disentangle the roles of
parent characteristics and parental style from "child effects" we compare
the experiences and psychosocial functioning of two adolescent siblings in
each family.

The sample will include 200 dual-earner families with two adolescent
siblings. Data will be collected at three timepoints: when firstborn
siblings are approximately 15 years of age and secondborns, approximately
13 years of age, and twice again at annual intervals. This design allows
us to address three longitudinal issues: (1) the extent of continuity and
change in siblings' differential family experiences; (2) the extent to
which families exhibit differential treatment (via comparisons of siblings
experiences at the same point in time) versus consistent treatment (via
comparisons of siblings' experiences when they are roughly the same age);
(3) the work/family conditions underlying different trajectories in
adolescent siblings' psychosocial functioning. Data collection will
involve home interviews in which parents and adolescents report separately
about parents' work, family experiences and relationships, parent and
adolescent personal characteristics and adolescent psychosoclal
functioning and a series of 7 telephone interviews in which adolescents
and parents report on their daily family activities (chores, parent-child
shared activities, parental monitoring).

The proposed five-year study will illuminate the roles of parental work
and family dynamics in adolescent socialization. In addition, using
multivariate family profile analysis (a within-family approach), we will
examine similarities and differences in the experiences and outcomes of
adolescent siblings in contrasting family ecologies.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date2/1/951/31/02

Funding

  • Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
  • Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
  • Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
  • Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
  • Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

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