PREVENTION OF PERINATAL HYPOXIC-ISCHEMIC BRAIN DAMAGE

Project: Research project

Project Details

Description

The overall objective of this research proposal is to elucidate the mechanisms whereby the production of oxygen free radicals and neutrophils contribute to perinatal hypoxic-ischemic brain damage. Specific aims include: 1) to ascertain the time course and extent that hydroxyl radicals are formed; 2) to determine to what extent neutrophils accumulate and contribute to perinatal hypoxic-ischemic brain damage; 3) to explore the neuroprotective mechanisms of allopurinol and deferoxamine; 4) to determine how and when oxidative injury impairs microvascular function. To accomplish these goals, we will use an established model of focal hypoxic-ischemic brain injury in 7-day postnatal rats which are subjected to unilateral common carotid artery occlusion combined with exposure to 8% oxygen. We will determine: 1) the neuroprotective abilities of allopurinol vs its metabolites as rescue therapy; 2) the site of deferoxamine action by using hydroxyethlystarch conjugates; 3) how free radicals and neutrophils contribute to disruption in the blood brain barrier, cerebral edema, capillary occlusion and cerebral blood flow; 3) the time course and extent to which hydroxyl radicals are generated and contribute to hypoxic ischemic brain damage so as to best..; 4) determine the therapeutic window for "rescue" (post hypoxia-ischemia) treatment; 5) determine the extent that neutropenia and "rescue" treatment with deferoxamine and allopurinol prevent hydroxyl radical formation and; 6) for "rescue" allopurinol and deferoxamine to improve the levels of brain energy metabolites and prevent lipid peroxidation; 7) determine the contribution of xanthine oxidase to hypoxic-ischemic perinatal brain injury. Analytical procedures will include: 1) assessment of brain injury from determinations of brain water content, as well as neuropathologic alterations (gross and microscopic) at 30 days of postnatal age; 2) biochemical analysis of brain tissue extracts for cerebral energy metabolites, pharmacokinetics and lipid hydroperoxides; 3) assessment of free radical formation by measuring specific products of salicylate hydroxylation; 4) xanthine oxidase activity in brain, blood and heart; 5) blood brain barrier permiability, capillary occlusion and regional cerebral blood flow. Results of the proposed research will provide a basis for the development of rational and effective treatment protocols for the management of human -infants who have sustained cerebral hypoxia-ischemia-during the perinatal-period.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date4/1/923/31/96

Funding

  • National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

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