Racial Burden of Chronic Disease

Project: Research project

Project Details

Description

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Both the length of life and the quality of
life lived are stratified along race/ethnic lines in the United States. Blacks
can expect to live fewer years than whites and Hispanics. and they can
anticipate more years of life with a disabling health problem. In stark
contrast, Hispanics can expect to live remarkably few years with a disabling
health condition. These race/ethnic differences in years with and without
disability point to the importance of investigating disparities in chronic
diseases -- the health problems that underlie disability and death. Drawing on
the Health and Retirement Survey, the proposed study will take advantage of a
12-year observation period to follow persons as they experience the onset of
fatal chronic conditions, develop co-morbid conditions, and ultimately die from
major causes. We will use this information to develop demographic models of
chronic disease experience quantifying the scope of race/ethnic disparities and
the lifecycle processes through which disparities arise. The demographic
models, in turn, lay a much needed foundation for developing analytic models
incorporating socioeconomic conditions, lifestyle behaviors, health care use,
and biomedical factors in accounting for race/ethnic differences in chronic
disease processes.

Specifically, the aims of this project are to:

Develop demographic models of race/ethnic disparities in health allowing us to
quantify:

How race/ethnic differences in chronic disease experience give rise to
disparities in the burden of chronic disease (i.e., the years lived with and
without disease).

Whether sex differences in chronic disease experience are consistent across
race/ethnic groups, and similarly, whether the educational gradient in chronic
disease is consistent across race/ethnic groups.

Develop multivariate analytic models of race/ethnic differences in chronic
disease processes (i.e., disease incidence, co-morbidity, and mortality),
focusing on the role of socioeconomic resources from childhood through old age.

Key questions are:
To what degree are race/ethnic differences in chronic disease morbidity and
mortality rooted in the race/ethnic stratification of socioeconomic resources?
To what degree do socioeconomic resources equally benefit the health of each of
the major race/ethnic groups?
The proposed study represents a substantial step forward in quantifying
disparities in chronic disease experience and in examining a broad range of SES
mechanisms influencing the morbidity and mortality experiences of older blacks,
whites, and Hispanics.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date9/30/028/31/06

Funding

  • National Institute on Aging: $100,000.00

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