Regulation of Wound Healing by Opioid Growth Factor

Project: Research project

Project Details

Description

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The skin is the largest organ of the body and its primary function is to serve as a protective barrier against the external environment. Injury to the skin requires prompt resurfacing in order to re-establish this protective function. Healing of a skin wound is a highly complex, dynamic process involving contraction, cell proliferation, cell migration, production of an extracellular matrix, and remodeling. It is now appreciated that a number of growth substances participate in the healing process to coordinate the interaction between the cells involved. We have discovered that an endogenous opioid system, comprised of [Met5]-enkephalin (termed opioid growth factor, OGF) and its receptor (OGFr), modulates homeostasis and re-epithelialization in human and mouse skin. This native opioid peptide is autocrine- and possibley paracrine-produced and interacts with its receptor to tonically inhibit DNA synthesis, and retard cellular proliferation in a non-cytotoxic and reversible fashion. In this grant we propose to test the hypothesis that OGF-OGFr interactions participate in the healing of a full-thickness skin wound and that the repair process can be modulated by pharmacologically manipulating OGFr. Experiments are designed to test this hypothesis by examining the consequences of cellular and molecular perturbation of the peptide, and of the receptor, in order to delineate their individual contributions to skin repair, with a focus on cellular proliferation, migration, and differentiation. The planned studies are part of a long-range program directed towards understanding the mechanisms involved in maintenance and repair of the epidermis. Furthermore, if our hypothesis is proven, manipulation of the endogenous OGF system represents a potential chemotherapeutic modality for the management of wounds.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date6/1/035/31/07

Funding

  • National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases: $74,850.00
  • National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases: $74,850.00
  • National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases: $74,850.00