RESOURCE FOR THE STUDY OF NEURAL MODELS OF BEHAVIOR

  • Duffy, Charles (PI)
  • Tanenhaus, Michael Kehas (PI)
  • Barnes, Grahme (PI)
  • King, W. Michael (PI)
  • Sandini, Giulio (PI)
  • Pasternak, Tatiana (PI)
  • Merigan, William (PI)
  • Schieber, Marc (PI)
  • Shimozaki, Steven (PI)
  • Hayhoe, Mary (PI)
  • Ballard, Dana (PI)
  • Mataric, Maja (PI)
  • Tomko, Dl (PI)
  • Barnes, G. (PI)
  • Paige, Gary (PI)
  • Jacobs, Robert (PI)

Project: Research project

Description

Over the past decade neuroscience studies with awake behaving animals have
shown that neuronal activity can change dramatically with behavioral
context. Recent anthropomorphic models at the University of Rochester and
elsewhere suggest that many representational problems that are complex
when formulated in the absence of environmental and behavioral context
become simpler in systems that directly exploit this context. These
studies have shown that some complex behaviors can be reduced to a
collection of loosely coordinated primitive behaviors, vastly reducing the
need for complex internal representations. These and many other
observations suggest that the natural variables for representing
information in the nervous system may be in terms of the animal's
behaviors. If this is the case, significant progress in neuroscience will
require experimental apparatus that can directly measure important aspects
of behavioral state. This proposal is to develop state-of-the-art instrumentation for the
monitoring and simulation of behavior in conjunction with relevant neural
parameters. This instrumentation would form a national resource that would
be situated in a complex of three interrelated laboratories at the
University of Rochester. The proposed experimental program is an
integrated interdisciplinary effort that includes behavioral,
computational and neuroscience experiments. The specific aims of the resource would be as follows. A) The resource would greatly extend our capability to monitor behavior in
natural situations. The design of the laboratory is directed primarily
towards the system integration of four different kinds of recent technical
innovations into a coherent setting: (1) equipment to measure eye
movements in freely moving head situations, (2) devices for measuring
kinematic state such as arm and hand movements, (3) devices for producing
whole body accelerations, and (4) anthropomorphic devices to simulate
experiments and develop experimental protocols. B) The resource would provide a setting for the conduction of
interdisciplinary experiments that are tightly coupled in that the results
of an experiment in one domain can be used to design experiments in other
domains. C) The resource would provide a vehicle for the development and
dissemination of new hardware and software specifically designed for the
control of these environments.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date9/30/947/31/08

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health

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