UV-vis spectroscopic studies on aqueous solutions of iodine, potassium iodide, and α-cyclodextrin (αCD), (C6H10O5)6, suggest that a complex forms with the composition of αCD2I3-. Semiempirical quantum mechanical PM3 calculations suggest that two major host-guest isomer types exist for this complex. The most stable isomer has the I3- ion oriented almost parallel to the plane of one of the αCD molecules and sandwiched between two αCD molecules. The second sandwich isomer is less stable than the above isomer by about 5 kcal/mol (20.9 kJ/mol) and has the I3- ion oriented vertically (along the vertical axis) between two αCD molecules. The formation constant (Kf) of the complex is determined to be around 7.0 × 108 M-2 for both 15 and 25°C.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry