The actions of adrenergic agents on the intracellular production of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (AMP) was examined in intact cortical and striatal neurons in primary culture, generated from the fetal mouse brain. Exposure of striatal neurons to the β-adrenergic agonist isoproterenol (10 μM) resulted in a 5-fold increase in intraneuronal cyclic AMP; norepinephrine (100 μM), alone or in combination with isoproterenol, produced only a 3-fold increase in cyclic AMP levels. However, in the presence of yohimbine (10 μM), cyclic AMP productions due to norepinephrine or isoproterenol plus norepinephrine were identical to isoproterenol alone. When striatal or cortical neurons were exposed to pertussis toxin (100 ng/ml) overnight, there was no detectable difference between isoproterenol- and norepinephrine-stimulated cyclic AMP production. These data suggest that α2-adrenergic receptors mediate the attenuation of cyclic AMP production in neurons and do so via the inhibitory guanine nucleotide regulatory protein of adenylate cyclase.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Clinical Neurology
- Developmental Biology