Interferons have the ability to enhance or diminish the expression of specific genes and have been shown to affect the proliferation of certain cells. Here, the effect of γ-interferon on fetal hemoglobin synthesis by purified cord blood, fetal liver, and adult bone marrow erythroid progenitors was studied with a radioligand assay to measure hemoglobin production by BFU-E-derived erythroblasts. Coculture with recombinant γ-interferon resulted in a significant and dose-dependent decrease in fetal hemoglobin production by neonatal and adult, but not fetal, BFU-E-derived erythroblasts. Accumulation of fetal hemoglobin by cord blood BFU-E-derived erythroblasts decreased up to 38.1% of control cultures (erythropoietin only). Synthesis of both (G)γ/(A)γ globin was decreased, since the (G)γ/(A)γ ratio was unchanged. Picograms fetal hemoglobin per cell was decreased by γ-interferon addition, but picograms total hemoglobin was unchanged, demonstrating that a reciprocal increase in β-globin production occurred in cultures treated with γ-interferon. No toxic effect of γ-interferon on colony growth was noted. The addition of γ-interferon to cultures resulted in a decrease in the percentage of HbF produced by adult BFU-E-derived cells to 45.6% of control. Fetal hemoglobin production by cord blood, fetal liver, and adult bone marrow erythroid progenitors, was not significantly affected by the addition of recombinant GM-CSF, recombinant interleukin 1 (IL-1), recombinant IL-2, or recombinant α-interferon. Although fetal progenitor cells appear unable to alter their fetal hemoglobin program in response to any of the growth factors added here, the interaction of neonatal and adult erythroid progenitors with γ-interferon results in an altered expression of globin genes. This supports the concept that developmental globin gene switching can be regulated by environmental factors.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - 1987|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cell Biology