σ-Noninnocence: Masked Phenyl-Cation Transfer at Formal NiIV

Jelte S. Steen, Gerald Knizia, Johannes E.M.N. Klein

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Abstract

Reductive elimination is an elementary organometallic reaction step involving a formal oxidation state change of −2 at a transition-metal center. For a series of formal high-valent NiIV complexes, aryl–CF3 bond-forming reductive elimination was reported to occur readily (Bour et al. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2015, 137, 8034–8037). We report a computational analysis of this reaction and find that, unexpectedly, the formal NiIV centers are better described as approaching a +II oxidation state, originating from highly covalent metal–ligand bonds, a phenomenon attributable to σ-noninnocence. A direct consequence is that the elimination of aryl–CF3 products occurs in an essentially redox-neutral fashion, as opposed to a reductive elimination. This is supported by an electron flow analysis which shows that an anionic CF3 group is transferred to an electrophilic aryl group. The uncovered role of σ-noninnocence in metal–ligand bonding, and of an essentially redox-neutral elimination as an elementary organometallic reaction step, may constitute concepts of broad relevance to organometallic chemistry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13133-13139
Number of pages7
JournalAngewandte Chemie - International Edition
Volume58
Issue number37
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 9 2019

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)

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