1α,25-Dihydroxy vitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3], the active metabolite of the steroid hormone vitamin D, is a potent regulator of macrophage and osteoclast differentiation. The mature osteoclast, unlike the circulating monocyte or the tissue macrophage, expresses high levels of carbonic anhydrase II (CAII). This enzyme generates protons and bicarbonate from water and carbon dioxide and is involved in bone resorption and acid-base regulation. To test whether 1,25(OH)2D3 could induce the differentiation of myelomonocytic precursors toward osteoclasts rather than macrophages, we analyzed its effects on the expression of CAII in bone marrow cultures containing precursors common to both cell types. The expression of CAII was markedly increased by 1,25(OH)2D3 in a dose-and time-dependent manner. In bone marrow, this increase occurred at the mRNA and protein levels and was detectable as early as 24 hr after stimulation. 1,25(OH)2D3 was also found to induce CAII expression in a transformed myelomonocytic avian cell line. These results suggest that 1,25(OH)2D3 regulates the level at which myelomonocytic precursors express CAII, an enzyme that is involved in the function of the mature osteoclast.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Aug 1990|
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