110th Anniversary: Influence of Solvents on Biocrude from Hydrothermal Liquefaction of Soybean Oil, Soy Protein, Cellulose, Xylose, and Lignin, and Their Quinary Mixture

Jianwen Lu, Zhidan Liu, Yuanhui Zhang, Phillip E. Savage

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Abstract

We perform hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) on five materials that model the major biochemical components in a wide array of biomass feedstocks: soybean oil, soy protein, cellulose, xylose, and lignin. The influence of different solvents (dichloromethane, acetone, methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE)) on the yield, and the elemental content of the biocrude recovered from isothermal and fast HTL of these model compounds is determined. MTBE gives an ∼30% lower biocrude yield and about twice the solids yield, compared with dichloromethane (DCM) and acetone for both fast and isothermal HTL of a mixture of the five materials; however, the MTBE-recovered biocrude has the largest higher heating values (HHVs). The three solvents give similar biocrude yields for HTL of soybean oil and soy protein individually. Acetone recovers the highest biocrude yields from both isothermal and fast HTL of cellulose, xylose, or lignin individually, but the carbon content, hydrogen content, and HHV of the acetone-recovered biocrude are the lowest. The biocrude yields from the different feedstocks do not consistently vary monotonically with the normalized solvent polarity (ETN), which indicates that this property alone is not the controlling factor. Moreover, high yield and large HHV of the biocrude may not be available simultaneously with the pure solvents explored herein, which suggests there may be opportunities for solvent engineering in HTL product recovery. The biocrude yields from fast HTL of a quinary mixture of the model compounds are slightly higher than those from isothermal HTL conditions, which provides another example of the efficacy of fast HTL in valorizing biomass.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13971-13976
Number of pages6
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Volume58
Issue number31
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 7 2019

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Soybean oil
Soybean Oil
Soybean Proteins
Xylose
Lignin
Liquefaction
Cellulose
Proteins
Acetone
Ethers
Methylene Chloride
Dichloromethane
Heating
Feedstocks
Biomass
Hydrogen
Carbon
Recovery

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

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title = "110th Anniversary: Influence of Solvents on Biocrude from Hydrothermal Liquefaction of Soybean Oil, Soy Protein, Cellulose, Xylose, and Lignin, and Their Quinary Mixture",
abstract = "We perform hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) on five materials that model the major biochemical components in a wide array of biomass feedstocks: soybean oil, soy protein, cellulose, xylose, and lignin. The influence of different solvents (dichloromethane, acetone, methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE)) on the yield, and the elemental content of the biocrude recovered from isothermal and fast HTL of these model compounds is determined. MTBE gives an ∼30{\%} lower biocrude yield and about twice the solids yield, compared with dichloromethane (DCM) and acetone for both fast and isothermal HTL of a mixture of the five materials; however, the MTBE-recovered biocrude has the largest higher heating values (HHVs). The three solvents give similar biocrude yields for HTL of soybean oil and soy protein individually. Acetone recovers the highest biocrude yields from both isothermal and fast HTL of cellulose, xylose, or lignin individually, but the carbon content, hydrogen content, and HHV of the acetone-recovered biocrude are the lowest. The biocrude yields from the different feedstocks do not consistently vary monotonically with the normalized solvent polarity (ETN), which indicates that this property alone is not the controlling factor. Moreover, high yield and large HHV of the biocrude may not be available simultaneously with the pure solvents explored herein, which suggests there may be opportunities for solvent engineering in HTL product recovery. The biocrude yields from fast HTL of a quinary mixture of the model compounds are slightly higher than those from isothermal HTL conditions, which provides another example of the efficacy of fast HTL in valorizing biomass.",
author = "Jianwen Lu and Zhidan Liu and Yuanhui Zhang and Savage, {Phillip E.}",
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TY - JOUR

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T2 - Influence of Solvents on Biocrude from Hydrothermal Liquefaction of Soybean Oil, Soy Protein, Cellulose, Xylose, and Lignin, and Their Quinary Mixture

AU - Lu, Jianwen

AU - Liu, Zhidan

AU - Zhang, Yuanhui

AU - Savage, Phillip E.

PY - 2019/8/7

Y1 - 2019/8/7

N2 - We perform hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) on five materials that model the major biochemical components in a wide array of biomass feedstocks: soybean oil, soy protein, cellulose, xylose, and lignin. The influence of different solvents (dichloromethane, acetone, methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE)) on the yield, and the elemental content of the biocrude recovered from isothermal and fast HTL of these model compounds is determined. MTBE gives an ∼30% lower biocrude yield and about twice the solids yield, compared with dichloromethane (DCM) and acetone for both fast and isothermal HTL of a mixture of the five materials; however, the MTBE-recovered biocrude has the largest higher heating values (HHVs). The three solvents give similar biocrude yields for HTL of soybean oil and soy protein individually. Acetone recovers the highest biocrude yields from both isothermal and fast HTL of cellulose, xylose, or lignin individually, but the carbon content, hydrogen content, and HHV of the acetone-recovered biocrude are the lowest. The biocrude yields from the different feedstocks do not consistently vary monotonically with the normalized solvent polarity (ETN), which indicates that this property alone is not the controlling factor. Moreover, high yield and large HHV of the biocrude may not be available simultaneously with the pure solvents explored herein, which suggests there may be opportunities for solvent engineering in HTL product recovery. The biocrude yields from fast HTL of a quinary mixture of the model compounds are slightly higher than those from isothermal HTL conditions, which provides another example of the efficacy of fast HTL in valorizing biomass.

AB - We perform hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) on five materials that model the major biochemical components in a wide array of biomass feedstocks: soybean oil, soy protein, cellulose, xylose, and lignin. The influence of different solvents (dichloromethane, acetone, methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE)) on the yield, and the elemental content of the biocrude recovered from isothermal and fast HTL of these model compounds is determined. MTBE gives an ∼30% lower biocrude yield and about twice the solids yield, compared with dichloromethane (DCM) and acetone for both fast and isothermal HTL of a mixture of the five materials; however, the MTBE-recovered biocrude has the largest higher heating values (HHVs). The three solvents give similar biocrude yields for HTL of soybean oil and soy protein individually. Acetone recovers the highest biocrude yields from both isothermal and fast HTL of cellulose, xylose, or lignin individually, but the carbon content, hydrogen content, and HHV of the acetone-recovered biocrude are the lowest. The biocrude yields from the different feedstocks do not consistently vary monotonically with the normalized solvent polarity (ETN), which indicates that this property alone is not the controlling factor. Moreover, high yield and large HHV of the biocrude may not be available simultaneously with the pure solvents explored herein, which suggests there may be opportunities for solvent engineering in HTL product recovery. The biocrude yields from fast HTL of a quinary mixture of the model compounds are slightly higher than those from isothermal HTL conditions, which provides another example of the efficacy of fast HTL in valorizing biomass.

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JF - Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research

SN - 0888-5885

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