280 GHz Focal Plane Unit Design and Characterization for the Spider-2 Suborbital Polarimeter

A. S. Bergman, P. A.R. Ade, S. Akers, M. Amiri, J. A. Austermann, J. A. Beall, D. T. Becker, S. J. Benton, J. J. Bock, J. R. Bond, S. A. Bryan, H. C. Chiang, C. R. Contaldi, R. S. Domagalski, O. Doré, S. M. Duff, A. J. Duivenvoorden, H. K. Eriksen, M. Farhang, J. P. Filippini & 59 others L. M. Fissel, A. A. Fraisse, K. Freese, M. Galloway, A. E. Gambrel, N. N. Gandilo, K. Ganga, A. Grigorian, R. Gualtieri, J. E. Gudmundsson, M. Halpern, J. Hartley, Matthew Hasselfield, G. Hilton, W. Holmes, V. V. Hristov, Z. Huang, J. Hubmayr, K. D. Irwin, W. C. Jones, A. Khan, C. L. Kuo, Z. D. Kermish, S. Li, P. V. Mason, K. Megerian, L. Moncelsi, T. A. Morford, J. M. Nagy, C. B. Netterfield, M. Nolta, B. Osherson, I. L. Padilla, B. Racine, A. S. Rahlin, S. Redmond, C. Reintsema, L. J. Romualdez, J. E. Ruhl, M. C. Runyan, T. M. Ruud, J. A. Shariff, E. C. Shaw, C. Shiu, J. D. Soler, X. Song, A. Trangsrud, C. Tucker, R. S. Tucker, A. D. Turner, J. Ullom, J. F. van der List, J. Van Lanen, M. R. Vissers, A. C. Weber, I. K. Wehus, S. Wen, D. V. Wiebe, E. Y. Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

We describe the construction and characterization of the 280 GHz bolometric focal plane units (FPUs) to be deployed on the second flight of the balloon-borne Spider instrument. These FPUs are vital to Spider’s primary science goal of detecting or placing an upper limit on the amplitude of the primordial gravitational wave signature in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) by constraining the B-mode contamination in the CMB from Galactic dust emission. Each 280 GHz focal plane contains a 16 × 16 grid of corrugated silicon feedhorns coupled to an array of aluminum–manganese transition-edge sensor (TES) bolometers fabricated on 150 mm diameter substrates. In total, the three 280 GHz FPUs contain 1530 polarization-sensitive bolometers (765 spatial pixels) optimized for the low loading environment in flight and read out by time-division SQUID multiplexing. In this paper, we describe the mechanical, thermal, and magnetic shielding architecture of the focal planes and present cryogenic measurements which characterize yield and the uniformity of several bolometer parameters. The assembled FPUs have high yields, with one array as high as 95% including defects from wiring and readout. We demonstrate high uniformity in device parameters, finding the median saturation power for each TES array to be ∼ 3 pW at 300 mK with a less than 6% variation across each array at 1 σ. These focal planes will be deployed alongside the 95 and 150 GHz telescopes in the Spider-2 instrument, slated to fly from McMurdo Station in Antarctica in December 2018.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1075-1084
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Low Temperature Physics
Volume193
Issue number5-6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2018

Fingerprint

spiders
Bolometers
Polarimeters
polarimeters
bolometers
Heat shielding
Microwaves
Magnetic shielding
Gravity waves
heat shielding
Balloons
SQUIDs
Sensor arrays
flight
Silicon
Electric wiring
Multiplexing
microwaves
Telescopes
Cryogenics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Bergman, A. S., Ade, P. A. R., Akers, S., Amiri, M., Austermann, J. A., Beall, J. A., ... Young, E. Y. (2018). 280 GHz Focal Plane Unit Design and Characterization for the Spider-2 Suborbital Polarimeter. Journal of Low Temperature Physics, 193(5-6), 1075-1084. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10909-018-2065-2
Bergman, A. S. ; Ade, P. A.R. ; Akers, S. ; Amiri, M. ; Austermann, J. A. ; Beall, J. A. ; Becker, D. T. ; Benton, S. J. ; Bock, J. J. ; Bond, J. R. ; Bryan, S. A. ; Chiang, H. C. ; Contaldi, C. R. ; Domagalski, R. S. ; Doré, O. ; Duff, S. M. ; Duivenvoorden, A. J. ; Eriksen, H. K. ; Farhang, M. ; Filippini, J. P. ; Fissel, L. M. ; Fraisse, A. A. ; Freese, K. ; Galloway, M. ; Gambrel, A. E. ; Gandilo, N. N. ; Ganga, K. ; Grigorian, A. ; Gualtieri, R. ; Gudmundsson, J. E. ; Halpern, M. ; Hartley, J. ; Hasselfield, Matthew ; Hilton, G. ; Holmes, W. ; Hristov, V. V. ; Huang, Z. ; Hubmayr, J. ; Irwin, K. D. ; Jones, W. C. ; Khan, A. ; Kuo, C. L. ; Kermish, Z. D. ; Li, S. ; Mason, P. V. ; Megerian, K. ; Moncelsi, L. ; Morford, T. A. ; Nagy, J. M. ; Netterfield, C. B. ; Nolta, M. ; Osherson, B. ; Padilla, I. L. ; Racine, B. ; Rahlin, A. S. ; Redmond, S. ; Reintsema, C. ; Romualdez, L. J. ; Ruhl, J. E. ; Runyan, M. C. ; Ruud, T. M. ; Shariff, J. A. ; Shaw, E. C. ; Shiu, C. ; Soler, J. D. ; Song, X. ; Trangsrud, A. ; Tucker, C. ; Tucker, R. S. ; Turner, A. D. ; Ullom, J. ; van der List, J. F. ; Van Lanen, J. ; Vissers, M. R. ; Weber, A. C. ; Wehus, I. K. ; Wen, S. ; Wiebe, D. V. ; Young, E. Y. / 280 GHz Focal Plane Unit Design and Characterization for the Spider-2 Suborbital Polarimeter. In: Journal of Low Temperature Physics. 2018 ; Vol. 193, No. 5-6. pp. 1075-1084.
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abstract = "We describe the construction and characterization of the 280 GHz bolometric focal plane units (FPUs) to be deployed on the second flight of the balloon-borne Spider instrument. These FPUs are vital to Spider’s primary science goal of detecting or placing an upper limit on the amplitude of the primordial gravitational wave signature in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) by constraining the B-mode contamination in the CMB from Galactic dust emission. Each 280 GHz focal plane contains a 16 × 16 grid of corrugated silicon feedhorns coupled to an array of aluminum–manganese transition-edge sensor (TES) bolometers fabricated on 150 mm diameter substrates. In total, the three 280 GHz FPUs contain 1530 polarization-sensitive bolometers (765 spatial pixels) optimized for the low loading environment in flight and read out by time-division SQUID multiplexing. In this paper, we describe the mechanical, thermal, and magnetic shielding architecture of the focal planes and present cryogenic measurements which characterize yield and the uniformity of several bolometer parameters. The assembled FPUs have high yields, with one array as high as 95{\%} including defects from wiring and readout. We demonstrate high uniformity in device parameters, finding the median saturation power for each TES array to be ∼ 3 pW at 300 mK with a less than 6{\%} variation across each array at 1 σ. These focal planes will be deployed alongside the 95 and 150 GHz telescopes in the Spider-2 instrument, slated to fly from McMurdo Station in Antarctica in December 2018.",
author = "Bergman, {A. S.} and Ade, {P. A.R.} and S. Akers and M. Amiri and Austermann, {J. A.} and Beall, {J. A.} and Becker, {D. T.} and Benton, {S. J.} and Bock, {J. J.} and Bond, {J. R.} and Bryan, {S. A.} and Chiang, {H. C.} and Contaldi, {C. R.} and Domagalski, {R. S.} and O. Dor{\'e} and Duff, {S. M.} and Duivenvoorden, {A. J.} and Eriksen, {H. K.} and M. Farhang and Filippini, {J. P.} and Fissel, {L. M.} and Fraisse, {A. A.} and K. Freese and M. Galloway and Gambrel, {A. E.} and Gandilo, {N. N.} and K. Ganga and A. Grigorian and R. Gualtieri and Gudmundsson, {J. E.} and M. Halpern and J. Hartley and Matthew Hasselfield and G. Hilton and W. Holmes and Hristov, {V. V.} and Z. Huang and J. Hubmayr and Irwin, {K. D.} and Jones, {W. C.} and A. Khan and Kuo, {C. L.} and Kermish, {Z. D.} and S. Li and Mason, {P. V.} and K. Megerian and L. Moncelsi and Morford, {T. A.} and Nagy, {J. M.} and Netterfield, {C. B.} and M. Nolta and B. Osherson and Padilla, {I. L.} and B. Racine and Rahlin, {A. S.} and S. Redmond and C. Reintsema and Romualdez, {L. J.} and Ruhl, {J. E.} and Runyan, {M. C.} and Ruud, {T. M.} and Shariff, {J. A.} and Shaw, {E. C.} and C. Shiu and Soler, {J. D.} and X. Song and A. Trangsrud and C. Tucker and Tucker, {R. S.} and Turner, {A. D.} and J. Ullom and {van der List}, {J. F.} and {Van Lanen}, J. and Vissers, {M. R.} and Weber, {A. C.} and Wehus, {I. K.} and S. Wen and Wiebe, {D. V.} and Young, {E. Y.}",
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Bergman, AS, Ade, PAR, Akers, S, Amiri, M, Austermann, JA, Beall, JA, Becker, DT, Benton, SJ, Bock, JJ, Bond, JR, Bryan, SA, Chiang, HC, Contaldi, CR, Domagalski, RS, Doré, O, Duff, SM, Duivenvoorden, AJ, Eriksen, HK, Farhang, M, Filippini, JP, Fissel, LM, Fraisse, AA, Freese, K, Galloway, M, Gambrel, AE, Gandilo, NN, Ganga, K, Grigorian, A, Gualtieri, R, Gudmundsson, JE, Halpern, M, Hartley, J, Hasselfield, M, Hilton, G, Holmes, W, Hristov, VV, Huang, Z, Hubmayr, J, Irwin, KD, Jones, WC, Khan, A, Kuo, CL, Kermish, ZD, Li, S, Mason, PV, Megerian, K, Moncelsi, L, Morford, TA, Nagy, JM, Netterfield, CB, Nolta, M, Osherson, B, Padilla, IL, Racine, B, Rahlin, AS, Redmond, S, Reintsema, C, Romualdez, LJ, Ruhl, JE, Runyan, MC, Ruud, TM, Shariff, JA, Shaw, EC, Shiu, C, Soler, JD, Song, X, Trangsrud, A, Tucker, C, Tucker, RS, Turner, AD, Ullom, J, van der List, JF, Van Lanen, J, Vissers, MR, Weber, AC, Wehus, IK, Wen, S, Wiebe, DV & Young, EY 2018, '280 GHz Focal Plane Unit Design and Characterization for the Spider-2 Suborbital Polarimeter', Journal of Low Temperature Physics, vol. 193, no. 5-6, pp. 1075-1084. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10909-018-2065-2

280 GHz Focal Plane Unit Design and Characterization for the Spider-2 Suborbital Polarimeter. / Bergman, A. S.; Ade, P. A.R.; Akers, S.; Amiri, M.; Austermann, J. A.; Beall, J. A.; Becker, D. T.; Benton, S. J.; Bock, J. J.; Bond, J. R.; Bryan, S. A.; Chiang, H. C.; Contaldi, C. R.; Domagalski, R. S.; Doré, O.; Duff, S. M.; Duivenvoorden, A. J.; Eriksen, H. K.; Farhang, M.; Filippini, J. P.; Fissel, L. M.; Fraisse, A. A.; Freese, K.; Galloway, M.; Gambrel, A. E.; Gandilo, N. N.; Ganga, K.; Grigorian, A.; Gualtieri, R.; Gudmundsson, J. E.; Halpern, M.; Hartley, J.; Hasselfield, Matthew; Hilton, G.; Holmes, W.; Hristov, V. V.; Huang, Z.; Hubmayr, J.; Irwin, K. D.; Jones, W. C.; Khan, A.; Kuo, C. L.; Kermish, Z. D.; Li, S.; Mason, P. V.; Megerian, K.; Moncelsi, L.; Morford, T. A.; Nagy, J. M.; Netterfield, C. B.; Nolta, M.; Osherson, B.; Padilla, I. L.; Racine, B.; Rahlin, A. S.; Redmond, S.; Reintsema, C.; Romualdez, L. J.; Ruhl, J. E.; Runyan, M. C.; Ruud, T. M.; Shariff, J. A.; Shaw, E. C.; Shiu, C.; Soler, J. D.; Song, X.; Trangsrud, A.; Tucker, C.; Tucker, R. S.; Turner, A. D.; Ullom, J.; van der List, J. F.; Van Lanen, J.; Vissers, M. R.; Weber, A. C.; Wehus, I. K.; Wen, S.; Wiebe, D. V.; Young, E. Y.

In: Journal of Low Temperature Physics, Vol. 193, No. 5-6, 01.12.2018, p. 1075-1084.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - 280 GHz Focal Plane Unit Design and Characterization for the Spider-2 Suborbital Polarimeter

AU - Bergman, A. S.

AU - Ade, P. A.R.

AU - Akers, S.

AU - Amiri, M.

AU - Austermann, J. A.

AU - Beall, J. A.

AU - Becker, D. T.

AU - Benton, S. J.

AU - Bock, J. J.

AU - Bond, J. R.

AU - Bryan, S. A.

AU - Chiang, H. C.

AU - Contaldi, C. R.

AU - Domagalski, R. S.

AU - Doré, O.

AU - Duff, S. M.

AU - Duivenvoorden, A. J.

AU - Eriksen, H. K.

AU - Farhang, M.

AU - Filippini, J. P.

AU - Fissel, L. M.

AU - Fraisse, A. A.

AU - Freese, K.

AU - Galloway, M.

AU - Gambrel, A. E.

AU - Gandilo, N. N.

AU - Ganga, K.

AU - Grigorian, A.

AU - Gualtieri, R.

AU - Gudmundsson, J. E.

AU - Halpern, M.

AU - Hartley, J.

AU - Hasselfield, Matthew

AU - Hilton, G.

AU - Holmes, W.

AU - Hristov, V. V.

AU - Huang, Z.

AU - Hubmayr, J.

AU - Irwin, K. D.

AU - Jones, W. C.

AU - Khan, A.

AU - Kuo, C. L.

AU - Kermish, Z. D.

AU - Li, S.

AU - Mason, P. V.

AU - Megerian, K.

AU - Moncelsi, L.

AU - Morford, T. A.

AU - Nagy, J. M.

AU - Netterfield, C. B.

AU - Nolta, M.

AU - Osherson, B.

AU - Padilla, I. L.

AU - Racine, B.

AU - Rahlin, A. S.

AU - Redmond, S.

AU - Reintsema, C.

AU - Romualdez, L. J.

AU - Ruhl, J. E.

AU - Runyan, M. C.

AU - Ruud, T. M.

AU - Shariff, J. A.

AU - Shaw, E. C.

AU - Shiu, C.

AU - Soler, J. D.

AU - Song, X.

AU - Trangsrud, A.

AU - Tucker, C.

AU - Tucker, R. S.

AU - Turner, A. D.

AU - Ullom, J.

AU - van der List, J. F.

AU - Van Lanen, J.

AU - Vissers, M. R.

AU - Weber, A. C.

AU - Wehus, I. K.

AU - Wen, S.

AU - Wiebe, D. V.

AU - Young, E. Y.

PY - 2018/12/1

Y1 - 2018/12/1

N2 - We describe the construction and characterization of the 280 GHz bolometric focal plane units (FPUs) to be deployed on the second flight of the balloon-borne Spider instrument. These FPUs are vital to Spider’s primary science goal of detecting or placing an upper limit on the amplitude of the primordial gravitational wave signature in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) by constraining the B-mode contamination in the CMB from Galactic dust emission. Each 280 GHz focal plane contains a 16 × 16 grid of corrugated silicon feedhorns coupled to an array of aluminum–manganese transition-edge sensor (TES) bolometers fabricated on 150 mm diameter substrates. In total, the three 280 GHz FPUs contain 1530 polarization-sensitive bolometers (765 spatial pixels) optimized for the low loading environment in flight and read out by time-division SQUID multiplexing. In this paper, we describe the mechanical, thermal, and magnetic shielding architecture of the focal planes and present cryogenic measurements which characterize yield and the uniformity of several bolometer parameters. The assembled FPUs have high yields, with one array as high as 95% including defects from wiring and readout. We demonstrate high uniformity in device parameters, finding the median saturation power for each TES array to be ∼ 3 pW at 300 mK with a less than 6% variation across each array at 1 σ. These focal planes will be deployed alongside the 95 and 150 GHz telescopes in the Spider-2 instrument, slated to fly from McMurdo Station in Antarctica in December 2018.

AB - We describe the construction and characterization of the 280 GHz bolometric focal plane units (FPUs) to be deployed on the second flight of the balloon-borne Spider instrument. These FPUs are vital to Spider’s primary science goal of detecting or placing an upper limit on the amplitude of the primordial gravitational wave signature in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) by constraining the B-mode contamination in the CMB from Galactic dust emission. Each 280 GHz focal plane contains a 16 × 16 grid of corrugated silicon feedhorns coupled to an array of aluminum–manganese transition-edge sensor (TES) bolometers fabricated on 150 mm diameter substrates. In total, the three 280 GHz FPUs contain 1530 polarization-sensitive bolometers (765 spatial pixels) optimized for the low loading environment in flight and read out by time-division SQUID multiplexing. In this paper, we describe the mechanical, thermal, and magnetic shielding architecture of the focal planes and present cryogenic measurements which characterize yield and the uniformity of several bolometer parameters. The assembled FPUs have high yields, with one array as high as 95% including defects from wiring and readout. We demonstrate high uniformity in device parameters, finding the median saturation power for each TES array to be ∼ 3 pW at 300 mK with a less than 6% variation across each array at 1 σ. These focal planes will be deployed alongside the 95 and 150 GHz telescopes in the Spider-2 instrument, slated to fly from McMurdo Station in Antarctica in December 2018.

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