We have studied natural purity 4He single crystals and polycrystals between 10 and 600 mK using a torsional oscillator with a 2 cm3 rigid cell made of sapphire with a smooth geometry. As the temperature was lowered, we observed sample-dependent but reproducible resonant frequency shifts that could be attributed to a supersolid fraction of order 0.1%. However, these shifts were observed with single crystals, not with polycrystals. Our results indicate that, in our case, the rotational anomaly of solid helium is more likely due to a change in stiffness than to supersolidity. This interpretation would presumably require gliding of dislocations in more directions than previously thought.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - Mar 13 2012|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics