A 13-year follow-up of a coronary heart disease risk factor screening and exercise program for 40- to 59-year-old men: Exercise habit maintenance and physiologic status

Patricia C. Mackeen, James Landis Rosenberger, Jonathan S. Slater, W. Channing Nicholas, Elsworth R. Buskirk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A 13-year follow-up of a coronary heart disease screening and exercise intervention was undertaken to determine possible program effects on subsequent physical activity habits, other health-related behaviors, and associated physiologic variables. The original study, conducted between 1966 and 1968, screened 1,376 male Penn State employees to identify a cohort possessing two or more risk factors within intermediate ranges. Of men so identified, 171 volunteered for randomization to either an exercise (E) or a control (C) group, and the remainder withdrew (withdrawals). Other groups then classified were normals (one or no risk factors), medical exclusions (one or more risk factors beyond the intermediate ranges), and volitionally active (habitually very physically active in leisure time). Group E members participated in an 18-month supervised exercise program. Recruitment for the present 13-year follow-up drew from all six study groups, with 315 men reexamined (aged 53 to 72 years). At follow-up, 28% of group E members reported some jogging (major conditioning mode of the 1967-1968 program) during the year before interview. There were no differences between members of group E and C, however, with respect to hrs-wk-1 of jogging, sleep, smoking, intake of dietary fat and alcohol, cardiovascular fitness, blood lipids, blood pressure, and percent body fat. The volitionally active group (not exposed to the exercise intervention) significantly exceeded all other groups in jogging hrs-wk-1, other measures of leisure physical activity, maximal aerobic capacity, and HDL-cholesterol; they were also the leanest and there were no smokers among them. The 1967-1968 intervention conferred upon E group members no special advantage over group C or any other study group.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)510-523
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Cardiac Rehabilitation
Volume5
Issue number11
StatePublished - Jan 1 1985

Fingerprint

Habits
Coronary Disease
Maintenance
Jogging
Exercise
Leisure Activities
Dietary Fats
Random Allocation
HDL Cholesterol
Adipose Tissue
Sleep
Smoking
Alcohols
Interviews
Blood Pressure
Lipids
Control Groups
Health

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Rehabilitation

Cite this

Mackeen, Patricia C. ; Rosenberger, James Landis ; Slater, Jonathan S. ; Nicholas, W. Channing ; Buskirk, Elsworth R. / A 13-year follow-up of a coronary heart disease risk factor screening and exercise program for 40- to 59-year-old men : Exercise habit maintenance and physiologic status. In: Journal of Cardiac Rehabilitation. 1985 ; Vol. 5, No. 11. pp. 510-523.
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A 13-year follow-up of a coronary heart disease risk factor screening and exercise program for 40- to 59-year-old men : Exercise habit maintenance and physiologic status. / Mackeen, Patricia C.; Rosenberger, James Landis; Slater, Jonathan S.; Nicholas, W. Channing; Buskirk, Elsworth R.

In: Journal of Cardiac Rehabilitation, Vol. 5, No. 11, 01.01.1985, p. 510-523.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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