A 24 μW, Batteryless, Crystal-free, Multinode Synchronized SoC "Bionode" for Wireless Prosthesis Control

Hansraj Bhamra, Young Joon Kim, Jithin Joseph, John Lynch, Oren Zaak Gall, Henry Mei, Chuizhou Meng, Jui Wei Tsai, Pedro Irazoqui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present a batteryless, crystal-free, time division multiple access (TDMA) synchronized multinode wireless body sensor node (WBSN) system-on-chip (SoC), referred to as a Bionode, for continuous and real-time telemetry of electromyograms (EMGs), enabling intuitive upper limb prosthesis control by an amputee. The SoC utilizes state of the art in supercapacitive RF energy harvesting, biosensing analog-front-end, switching-optimized SAR ADC, ultra-low-power RF transceiver, and clock circuits. The sensor node SoCs are time synchronized with a base station, mounted on the prosthetic arm, by using the ultra-low-power TDMA controller and receiver, and the digital core circuits. A 915 MHz broadcast RF signal is utilized to synthesize the carrier frequency of the transmitter. This along with the process and voltage compensated on-chip clock obviates the need for a bulky crystal oscillator, thus providing a low-cost and highly integrated solution to the WBSNs. The SoC is verified by capturing the EMG data from a healthy human body and consumes only 24 μW, while operating exclusively from the harvested RF energy. Implemented in a 0.18 μm CMOS process, the SoC occupies 2.025 mm2 silicon area. The sensor node has an extremely low weight and physical dimensions, thanks to the flexible carbon nanotube (CNT) supercapacitor, electrically small antenna (ESA), and crystal-free operation of the SoC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7299274
Pages (from-to)2714-2727
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits
Volume50
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 2015

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Crystals
Sensor nodes
Time division multiple access
Clocks
Crystal oscillators
Networks (circuits)
Energy harvesting
Telemetering
Prosthetics
Transceivers
Base stations
Transmitters
Carbon nanotubes
Prostheses and Implants
System-on-chip
Antennas
Silicon
Controllers
Electric potential
Costs

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Bhamra, Hansraj ; Kim, Young Joon ; Joseph, Jithin ; Lynch, John ; Gall, Oren Zaak ; Mei, Henry ; Meng, Chuizhou ; Tsai, Jui Wei ; Irazoqui, Pedro. / A 24 μW, Batteryless, Crystal-free, Multinode Synchronized SoC "Bionode" for Wireless Prosthesis Control. In: IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits. 2015 ; Vol. 50, No. 11. pp. 2714-2727.
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Bhamra, H, Kim, YJ, Joseph, J, Lynch, J, Gall, OZ, Mei, H, Meng, C, Tsai, JW & Irazoqui, P 2015, 'A 24 μW, Batteryless, Crystal-free, Multinode Synchronized SoC "Bionode" for Wireless Prosthesis Control', IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, vol. 50, no. 11, 7299274, pp. 2714-2727. https://doi.org/10.1109/JSSC.2015.2480854

A 24 μW, Batteryless, Crystal-free, Multinode Synchronized SoC "Bionode" for Wireless Prosthesis Control. / Bhamra, Hansraj; Kim, Young Joon; Joseph, Jithin; Lynch, John; Gall, Oren Zaak; Mei, Henry; Meng, Chuizhou; Tsai, Jui Wei; Irazoqui, Pedro.

In: IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, Vol. 50, No. 11, 7299274, 15.10.2015, p. 2714-2727.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - A 24 μW, Batteryless, Crystal-free, Multinode Synchronized SoC "Bionode" for Wireless Prosthesis Control

AU - Bhamra, Hansraj

AU - Kim, Young Joon

AU - Joseph, Jithin

AU - Lynch, John

AU - Gall, Oren Zaak

AU - Mei, Henry

AU - Meng, Chuizhou

AU - Tsai, Jui Wei

AU - Irazoqui, Pedro

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