A Bayesian rupture model of the 2007 Mw 8.1 Solomon Islands earthquake in Southwest Pacific with coral reef displacement measurements

Ting Chen, Haipeng Luo, Kevin Patrick Furlong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

On 1st April 2007 a Mw 8.1 megathrust earthquake occurred in the western Solomon Islands of the Southwest Pacific and generated a regional tsunami with run-up heights of up to 12 m. A Bayesian inversion model is constructed to derive fault dip angle and cumulative co-seismic and early post-seismic slip using coral reef displacement measurements, in which both data misfit and moment magnitude are used as constraints. Results show three shallow, high-slip patches concentrated along the trench from west of Ranongga Island to Rendova Island on a fault plane dipping 20°, and a maximum dip slip of 11.6 m beneath Ranongga Island. Considerable subsidence on Simbo Island outboard of the trench on the subducting plate is not well explained with this model, but may be related to the effects of afterslip and/or Simbo Island's location near the triple junction among the Australia, Woodlark and Pacific plates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)92-97
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Asian Earth Sciences
Volume138
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2017

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coral reef
rupture
earthquake
trench
dip-slip fault
triple junction
Pacific plate
fault plane
tsunami
dip
subsidence

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geology
  • Earth-Surface Processes

Cite this

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abstract = "On 1st April 2007 a Mw 8.1 megathrust earthquake occurred in the western Solomon Islands of the Southwest Pacific and generated a regional tsunami with run-up heights of up to 12 m. A Bayesian inversion model is constructed to derive fault dip angle and cumulative co-seismic and early post-seismic slip using coral reef displacement measurements, in which both data misfit and moment magnitude are used as constraints. Results show three shallow, high-slip patches concentrated along the trench from west of Ranongga Island to Rendova Island on a fault plane dipping 20°, and a maximum dip slip of 11.6 m beneath Ranongga Island. Considerable subsidence on Simbo Island outboard of the trench on the subducting plate is not well explained with this model, but may be related to the effects of afterslip and/or Simbo Island's location near the triple junction among the Australia, Woodlark and Pacific plates.",
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T1 - A Bayesian rupture model of the 2007 Mw 8.1 Solomon Islands earthquake in Southwest Pacific with coral reef displacement measurements

AU - Chen, Ting

AU - Luo, Haipeng

AU - Furlong, Kevin Patrick

PY - 2017/5/1

Y1 - 2017/5/1

N2 - On 1st April 2007 a Mw 8.1 megathrust earthquake occurred in the western Solomon Islands of the Southwest Pacific and generated a regional tsunami with run-up heights of up to 12 m. A Bayesian inversion model is constructed to derive fault dip angle and cumulative co-seismic and early post-seismic slip using coral reef displacement measurements, in which both data misfit and moment magnitude are used as constraints. Results show three shallow, high-slip patches concentrated along the trench from west of Ranongga Island to Rendova Island on a fault plane dipping 20°, and a maximum dip slip of 11.6 m beneath Ranongga Island. Considerable subsidence on Simbo Island outboard of the trench on the subducting plate is not well explained with this model, but may be related to the effects of afterslip and/or Simbo Island's location near the triple junction among the Australia, Woodlark and Pacific plates.

AB - On 1st April 2007 a Mw 8.1 megathrust earthquake occurred in the western Solomon Islands of the Southwest Pacific and generated a regional tsunami with run-up heights of up to 12 m. A Bayesian inversion model is constructed to derive fault dip angle and cumulative co-seismic and early post-seismic slip using coral reef displacement measurements, in which both data misfit and moment magnitude are used as constraints. Results show three shallow, high-slip patches concentrated along the trench from west of Ranongga Island to Rendova Island on a fault plane dipping 20°, and a maximum dip slip of 11.6 m beneath Ranongga Island. Considerable subsidence on Simbo Island outboard of the trench on the subducting plate is not well explained with this model, but may be related to the effects of afterslip and/or Simbo Island's location near the triple junction among the Australia, Woodlark and Pacific plates.

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