A biomimetic 2D transistor for audiomorphic computing

Sarbashis Das, Akhil Dodda, Saptarshi Das

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In this article, we introduce a biomimetic audiomorphic device that captures the neurobiological architecture and computational map inside the auditory cortex of barn owl known for its exceptional hunting ability in complete darkness using auditory cues. The device consists of multiple split-gates with nanogaps on a semiconducting MoS2 channel connected to the source/drain contacts for imitating the spatial map of coincidence detector neurons and tunable RC circuits for imitating the interaural time delay neurons following the Jeffress model of sound localization. Furthermore, we use global back-gating capability to demonstrate neuroplasticity to capture behavioral and/or adaptation related changes in the barn owl. Finally, the virtual source model for current transport is combined with finite element COMSOL multiphysics simulations to explain and project the performance of the biomimetic audiomorphic device. We find that the precision of the biomimetic device can supersede the barn owl by orders of magnitude.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number3450
JournalNature communications
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019

Fingerprint

Biomimetic Materials
Strigiformes
Biomimetics
biomimetics
Transistors
transistors
Neurons
neurons
Sound Localization
Auditory Cortex
Neuronal Plasticity
Aptitude
Darkness
sound localization
RC circuits
darkness
Cues
cortexes
Time delay
cues

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Das, Sarbashis ; Dodda, Akhil ; Das, Saptarshi. / A biomimetic 2D transistor for audiomorphic computing. In: Nature communications. 2019 ; Vol. 10, No. 1.
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A biomimetic 2D transistor for audiomorphic computing. / Das, Sarbashis; Dodda, Akhil; Das, Saptarshi.

In: Nature communications, Vol. 10, No. 1, 3450, 01.12.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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