A brief method for assessing social development: Structure, reliability, stability, and developmental validity of the Interpersonal Competence Scale

Robert B. Cairns, Man Chi Leung, Scott D. Gest, Beverley D. Cairns

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

144 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Interpersonal Competence Scale (ICS-T) is a set of brief rating scales for teachers and parents. It consists of 18 items that assess social and behavioral characteristics of children and youths. The ICS-T yields three primary factors: AGG (argues, trouble at school, fights), POP (popular with boys, popular with girls, lots of friends), and ACA (spelling, math). Subsidiary factors include AFF (smile, friendly), OLY (appearance, sports, wins), and INT (shyness, sad, worry). The psychometric properties of the scale (internal structure, reliability, long-term stability) are presented and evaluated over successive ages. The scale factors have been linked to contemporaneous observations of behavior and social network membership. Developmental validity of the ICS-T includes the significant prediction of later school dropout and teenage parenthood. The ICS-T scale is described, along with instructions for use and scoring.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)725-736
Number of pages12
JournalBehaviour Research and Therapy
Volume33
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1995

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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