A case study in bio-inspired engineering design: Defense applications of exoskeletal sensors

Mark Ginsberg, Jeffrey Louis Schiano, Megan Kramer, Marianne Alleyne

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    As part of a bio-inspired design process, the authors examine exoskeletal sensors found in insects and their potential application to armor and hardened buildings. In this way, the outer hardening of a structure or vehicle would not limit the ability of occupants to arrive at an actionable picture of the outer environment. To this end, various sensor modalities employed by insects are compared and contrasted with their current human-engineered equivalents. In several sensing modalities, biosensors perform better, are smaller, and more energy efficient than human-engineered equivalents. They note that biological designs tend to employ non-linear response to signal amplitude and respond with heightened sensitivity over a greater dynamic range of signals than human-engineered sensors. The insect biological sensors have structural and mechanical innovations that preserve the protective capacity of the exoskeleton.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)156-169
    Number of pages14
    JournalDefense and Security Analysis
    Volume29
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jun 1 2013

    Fingerprint

    bioengineering
    building
    engineering
    sensor
    innovation
    energy
    ability
    insect
    exoskeleton
    hardening
    defence

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Geography, Planning and Development
    • Political Science and International Relations

    Cite this

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    abstract = "As part of a bio-inspired design process, the authors examine exoskeletal sensors found in insects and their potential application to armor and hardened buildings. In this way, the outer hardening of a structure or vehicle would not limit the ability of occupants to arrive at an actionable picture of the outer environment. To this end, various sensor modalities employed by insects are compared and contrasted with their current human-engineered equivalents. In several sensing modalities, biosensors perform better, are smaller, and more energy efficient than human-engineered equivalents. They note that biological designs tend to employ non-linear response to signal amplitude and respond with heightened sensitivity over a greater dynamic range of signals than human-engineered sensors. The insect biological sensors have structural and mechanical innovations that preserve the protective capacity of the exoskeleton.",
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    A case study in bio-inspired engineering design : Defense applications of exoskeletal sensors. / Ginsberg, Mark; Schiano, Jeffrey Louis; Kramer, Megan; Alleyne, Marianne.

    In: Defense and Security Analysis, Vol. 29, No. 2, 01.06.2013, p. 156-169.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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