Drawing on previous Customs-Trade Partnership against Terrorism (C-TPAT) studies, institutional theory and resource-based view theory, the purpose of this case study is to empirically examine the certification benefits associated with C-TPAT, the connection between a company’s size. Grounded in theory, we develop a framework based on drivers and barriers for companies to participating in C-TPAT program instead of the commonly used cost-benefit-analysis framework. This new framework yields important insights for companies to join (or not to join) the program. We also examine the major barriers preventing small and medium enterprises (SMEs) from participating in the program and validate that it is a strong example of the decoupling phenomenon.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Business and International Management
- Management Science and Operations Research
- Management of Technology and Innovation