A catalog of spectroscopically selected close binary systems from the sloan digital sky survey data release four

Nicole M. Silvestri, Suzanne L. Hawley, Andrew A. West, Paula Szkody, John J. Bochanski, Daniel J. Eisenstein, Peregrine McGehee, Gary D. Schmidt, J. Allyn Smith, Michael A. Wolfe, Hugh C. Harris, Scot J. Kleinman, James Liebert, Atsuko Nitta, J. C. Barentine, Howard J. Brewington, John Brinkmann, Michael Harvanek, Jurek Krzesiński, Dan LongEric H. Neilsen, Donald P. Schneider, Stephanie A. Snedden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

100 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present a spectroscopic sample of 747 detached close binary systems from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) Fourth Data Release. The majority of these binaries consist of a white dwarf primary and a low-mass secondary (typically M dwarf) companion. We have determined the temperature and gravity for 496 of the white dwarf primaries and the spectral type and magnetic activity properties for 661 of the low-mass secondaries. We have estimated the distances for each of the white dwarf-main-sequence star binaries and use white dwarf evolutionary grids to establish the age of each binary system from the white dwarf cooling times. With respect to a spectroscopically identified sample of ∼8000 isolated M dwarf stars in the SDSS, the M dwarf secondaries show enhanced activity with a higher active fraction at a given spectral type. The white dwarf temperatures and gravities are similar to the distribution of ∼ 1900 DA white dwarfs from the SDSS. The ages of the binaries in this study range from ∼0.5 Myr to nearly 3 Gyr (average age ∼0.20 Gyr).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1674-1686
Number of pages13
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume131
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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