A catalytically powered electrokinetic lens: Toward channelless microfluidics

Jiayun Zhang, Jeffrey M. Catchmark

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A chemically powered channelless microfluidic device was designed, fabricated, and characterized. The device consists of an asymmetric silver-gold bimetallic catalytic junction fabricated on a silicon dioxide surface. The decomposition of hydrogen peroxide at the silver-gold interface generates a proton gradient and an associated electric field which in turn drives electroosmosis and electrophoresis when a charged particle is present in the vicinity of the field. By engineering an asymmetric device consisting of an isolated junction, continuous electroosmotic fluid flow across the device has been achieved. In addition, a new device geometry has been developed which is capable of focusing and directing negatively charged particles along a desired path without the need of microchannels. The efficiency and ease of the fabrication suggest the possibility of many versatile applications including biological molecule sorting and manipulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1147-1151
Number of pages5
JournalMicrofluidics and Nanofluidics
Volume10
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2011

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electrokinetics
Charged particles
Silver
Microfluidics
Gold
Lenses
lenses
Electroosmosis
Microchannels
Electrophoresis
Sorting
Hydrogen peroxide
Silicon Dioxide
Hydrogen Peroxide
Protons
Flow of fluids
charged particles
silver
Silica
Electric fields

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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A catalytically powered electrokinetic lens : Toward channelless microfluidics. / Zhang, Jiayun; Catchmark, Jeffrey M.

In: Microfluidics and Nanofluidics, Vol. 10, No. 5, 01.05.2011, p. 1147-1151.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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