A Chandra study of the Rosette star-forming complex. I. The stellar population and structure of the young open cluster NGC 2244

Jufeng Wang, Leisa K. Townsley, Eric D. Feigelson, Patrick S. Broos, Konstantin V. Getman, Carlos G. Román-Zúñiga, Elizabeth Lada

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Abstract

We present the first high spatial resolution X-ray study of NGC 2244, the 2 Myr old stellar cluster in the Rosette Nebula, using Chandra. Over 900 X-ray sources are detected; 77% have optical or FLAMINGOS NIR stellar counterparts and are mostly previously uncataloged young cluster members. The X-ray-selected population is estimated to be nearly complete between 0.5 and 3 M . A number of further results emerge from our analysis: (1) The X-ray LF and the associated K-band LF indicate a normal Salpeter IMF for NGC 2244. This is inconsistent with the top-heavy IMF reported from earlier optical studies that lacked a good census o f <4 M stars. By comparing the NGC 2244 and Orion Nebula Cluster XLFs, we estimate a total population of ∼2000 stars in NGC 2244. (2) The spatial distribution of X-ray stars is strongly concentrated around the central 05 star, HD 46150. The other early O star, HD 46223, has few companions. The cluster's stellar radial density profile shows two distinctive structures: a power-law cusp around HD 46150 that extends to ∼0.7 pc, surrounded by an isothermal sphere extending out to 4 pc with core radius 1.2 pc. This double structure, combined with the absence of mass segregation, indicates that this 2 Myr old cluster is not in dynamical equilibrium. (3) The fraction of X-ray-selected cluster members with K-band excesses caused by inner protoplanetary disks is 6%, slightly lower than the 10% disk fraction estimated from the FLAMINGOS study based on the NIR-selected sample. (4) X-ray luminosities for 24 stars earlier than B4 confirm the long-standing log (LX/Lbol) ∼ -7 relation. The Rosette OB X-ray spectra are soft and consistent with the standard model of small-scale shocks in the inner wind of a single massive star.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)464-490
Number of pages27
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume675
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2008

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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