R. M. Foxx, Monica H. Schaeffer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


A company‐based lottery was used to reduce the number of nonessential miles employees drove their personal cars each day and thereby save gasoline. Employees were divided into an experimental and a contrast group. The experimental design involved two conditions: (a) a baseline in which no consequences were attached to driving behavior, and (b) a month‐long lottery in which the experimentals were rewarded for decreasing their percentage of average miles driven per day relative to their initial baseline average. The experimentals received an ABA order of conditions while the contrast group remained in baseline. The lottery condition consisted of four weekly lotteries and one grand drawing held at the end of the month. During the lottery condition, the experimentals reduced their average daily mileage by 11.6% relative to their initial baseline (7.85 miles per employee per day) while the contrast employees increased their average mileage by 21.2%. Both groups exceeded their initial baseline averages in the return to baseline. The study was almost cost‐effective because the experimentals' gas savings ($75) was within $4 of the cost of motivating them to reduce their mileage ($79). 1981 Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)273-285
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of applied behavior analysis
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1981

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Philosophy
  • Applied Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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