We study a self-mixing laser diode (SM-LD) as a low-cost compact optical sensor for noninvasive blood flow measurement over the surface of the skin. We compare the SM-LD system with a commercially available Doppler flowmeter to assess the accuracy and feasibility of the SM-LD sensors for such applications. For the SM-LD flowmeter, we apply two different signal processing methods: 1) the counting method, i.e., counting the intensity fluctuations of the signal to obtain a frequency value, and 2) the autocorrelation method, i.e., measuring the autocorrelation time of the signal. In vitro measurements show good agreement with the commercially available flowmeter. In vivo measurements performed on test subjects revealed that the autocorrelation technique shows much better results. The results of in vitro and in vivo studies and the comparison with the commercial flowmeter confirm the applicability of the SM-LD flowmeter.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement|
|State||Published - Feb 2008|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering