A Comparative Study of Two Wayfinding Aids With Simulated Driving Tasks-GPS and a Dual-Scale Exploration Aid

Binfeng Li, Keming Zhu, Wei Zhang, Anna Wu, Xiaolong Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Global Positioning System (GPS) is currently the most often used wayfinding aid for driving. Yet GPS is originally designed to provide a driving guide rather than to help users gain spatial knowledge. Accordingly, GPS might be less usable in situations where spatial knowledge is required. This study experimentally compared two wayfinding aids using simulated driving tasks in a virtual environment: a simulated GPS and a dual-scale exploration aid (DSEA). The DSEA, which provides two levels of details-both detailed and contextual information-was proposed to support participants in finding and selecting routes by themselves. The results show that although DSEA was less helpful in leading participants to their destination and corresponded to more turning errors in simulated driving, it was more useful for the corresponding participants to establish spatial awareness and a cognitive map. The influence of participants' spatial ability test score on wayfinding performance was measured and discussed. The proposed DSEA design and experimental results show some indications for designing new wayfinding aids aimed at reducing wayfinding errors and constructing cognitive maps while still providing easy navigation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)169-177
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Human-Computer Interaction
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Science Applications

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