A comparative test of work-family conflict models and critical examination of work-family linkages

Jesse S. Michel, Jacqueline K. Mitchelson, Lindsey M. Kotrba, James M. LeBreton, Boris B. Baltes

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Abstract

This paper is a comprehensive meta-analysis of over 20 years of work-family conflict research. A series of path analyses were conducted to compare and contrast existing work-family conflict models, as well as a new model we developed which integrates and synthesizes current work-family theory and research. This new model accounted for 40% of the variance in job satisfaction, 38% of the variance in family satisfaction, and 35% of the variance in life satisfaction. In a critical examination of work-family linkages, a series of analyses excluding work-family conflict constructs and pathways resulted in a well-fitting and more parsimonious model that still accounted for 39% of the variance in job satisfaction, 37% of the variance in family satisfaction, and 33% of the variance in life satisfaction. Results indicate that direct effects drive work-family conflict models while indirect effects provide little incremental explanation in regards to satisfaction outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)199-218
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Vocational Behavior
Volume74
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2009

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Applied Psychology
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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