A comparison of clinical criteria for the diagnosis of veno-occlusive disease of the liver after bone marrow transplantation

M. D. Blostein, O. B. Paltiel, A. Thibault, Witold Rybka

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Abstract

Two major studies have established clinical criteria for the diagnosis of veno-occlusive disease of the liver (VOD) after bone marrow transplantation (BMT). McDonald and co-workers defined VOD as the onset of two of the following occurring before day 30 post-BMT: (a) jaundice (bilirubin >27mmol/l), (b) tender hepatomegaly, and (c) ascites or weight gain. In contrast, Jones and co-workers defined VOD as the onset, before day 21 post-BMT, of hyperbilirubinemia (bilirubin >34 mlmol/l) as well as two of the following: (a) hepatomegaly, (b) ascites, and (c) weight gain. We retrospectively reviewed the occurrence of VOD) in 101 patients transplanted primarily for hematologic malignancies between 1979 and 1990, applying both sets of criteria. Of the 101 patients, eight (7.9%) fulfilled the Jones criteria whereas 32 (31.7%) had VOD) according to the McDonald criteria (p < 0.001). Early mortality (prior to 50 days post-BMT) was 75% (6/8) in patients who fulfilled the Jones criteria but only 28.1% (9/32) in the McDonald group (p < 0.005). Overall, mortality in each group was 75% (6/8) and 65.6% (21/32), respectively. All of the six patients with VOD according to the Jones criteria who died had evidence of hepatic failure. Of the 32 patients who fulfilled the McDonald criteria, eight have also fulfilled the Jones criteria and are described above. Of the remaining 24 patients, 22 had complete resolution of VOD as defined by these criteria within 50 days of BMT, none developed hepatic failure, and 15 died. In conclusion, the Jones criteria identify a group of patients who develop early clinically significant liver dysfunction which carries a significant early mortality. We propose the use of the Jones criteria as a clinical definition of VOD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)439-443
Number of pages5
JournalBone Marrow Transplantation
Volume10
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hematology
  • Transplantation

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