A comparison of fire intensity levels for stand replacement of table mountain pine (Pinus pungens Lamb.)

Thomas A. Waldrop, Patrick Hugh Brose

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

58 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Stand-replacement prescribed fire has been recommended to regenerate stands of table mountain pine (Pinus pungens Lamb.) in the southern Appalachian mountains because the species has serotinous cones and is shade-intolerant. A 350 ha prescribed fire in northeast Georgia provided an opportunity to observe overstory mortality and regeneration of table mountain pine at various levels of fire intensity. Fire intensity for each of 60 study plots was classified by discriminant function analysis. Fires of low and medium-low intensity gave rise to abundant regeneration but may not have killed enough of the overstory to prevent shading. High-intensity fires killed almost all overstory trees but may have destroyed some of the seeds. Fires of medium-high intensity may have been the best choice; they killed overstory trees and allowed abundant regeneration. The forest floor remained thick after fires of all intensities, but roots of pine seedlings penetrated duff layers up to 7.5 cm thick to reach the mineral soil. In this study area, fire intensity levels did not have to reach extreme levels in order to successfully regenerate table mountain pine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)155-166
Number of pages12
JournalForest Ecology and Management
Volume113
Issue number2-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 25 1999

Fingerprint

fire intensity
overstory
lambs
replacement
Pinus
mountains
mountain
prescribed burning
shade
stand tables
regeneration
seed cones
Appalachian region
forest litter
mineral soils
discriminant analysis
comparison
seedlings
shading
forest floor

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Forestry
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

Waldrop, Thomas A. ; Brose, Patrick Hugh. / A comparison of fire intensity levels for stand replacement of table mountain pine (Pinus pungens Lamb.). In: Forest Ecology and Management. 1999 ; Vol. 113, No. 2-3. pp. 155-166.
@article{e7cbf7303cd04bf98905d1be590f2a12,
title = "A comparison of fire intensity levels for stand replacement of table mountain pine (Pinus pungens Lamb.)",
abstract = "Stand-replacement prescribed fire has been recommended to regenerate stands of table mountain pine (Pinus pungens Lamb.) in the southern Appalachian mountains because the species has serotinous cones and is shade-intolerant. A 350 ha prescribed fire in northeast Georgia provided an opportunity to observe overstory mortality and regeneration of table mountain pine at various levels of fire intensity. Fire intensity for each of 60 study plots was classified by discriminant function analysis. Fires of low and medium-low intensity gave rise to abundant regeneration but may not have killed enough of the overstory to prevent shading. High-intensity fires killed almost all overstory trees but may have destroyed some of the seeds. Fires of medium-high intensity may have been the best choice; they killed overstory trees and allowed abundant regeneration. The forest floor remained thick after fires of all intensities, but roots of pine seedlings penetrated duff layers up to 7.5 cm thick to reach the mineral soil. In this study area, fire intensity levels did not have to reach extreme levels in order to successfully regenerate table mountain pine.",
author = "Waldrop, {Thomas A.} and Brose, {Patrick Hugh}",
year = "1999",
month = "1",
day = "25",
doi = "10.1016/S0378-1127(98)00422-8",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "113",
pages = "155--166",
journal = "Forest Ecology and Management",
issn = "0378-1127",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "2-3",

}

A comparison of fire intensity levels for stand replacement of table mountain pine (Pinus pungens Lamb.). / Waldrop, Thomas A.; Brose, Patrick Hugh.

In: Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 113, No. 2-3, 25.01.1999, p. 155-166.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - A comparison of fire intensity levels for stand replacement of table mountain pine (Pinus pungens Lamb.)

AU - Waldrop, Thomas A.

AU - Brose, Patrick Hugh

PY - 1999/1/25

Y1 - 1999/1/25

N2 - Stand-replacement prescribed fire has been recommended to regenerate stands of table mountain pine (Pinus pungens Lamb.) in the southern Appalachian mountains because the species has serotinous cones and is shade-intolerant. A 350 ha prescribed fire in northeast Georgia provided an opportunity to observe overstory mortality and regeneration of table mountain pine at various levels of fire intensity. Fire intensity for each of 60 study plots was classified by discriminant function analysis. Fires of low and medium-low intensity gave rise to abundant regeneration but may not have killed enough of the overstory to prevent shading. High-intensity fires killed almost all overstory trees but may have destroyed some of the seeds. Fires of medium-high intensity may have been the best choice; they killed overstory trees and allowed abundant regeneration. The forest floor remained thick after fires of all intensities, but roots of pine seedlings penetrated duff layers up to 7.5 cm thick to reach the mineral soil. In this study area, fire intensity levels did not have to reach extreme levels in order to successfully regenerate table mountain pine.

AB - Stand-replacement prescribed fire has been recommended to regenerate stands of table mountain pine (Pinus pungens Lamb.) in the southern Appalachian mountains because the species has serotinous cones and is shade-intolerant. A 350 ha prescribed fire in northeast Georgia provided an opportunity to observe overstory mortality and regeneration of table mountain pine at various levels of fire intensity. Fire intensity for each of 60 study plots was classified by discriminant function analysis. Fires of low and medium-low intensity gave rise to abundant regeneration but may not have killed enough of the overstory to prevent shading. High-intensity fires killed almost all overstory trees but may have destroyed some of the seeds. Fires of medium-high intensity may have been the best choice; they killed overstory trees and allowed abundant regeneration. The forest floor remained thick after fires of all intensities, but roots of pine seedlings penetrated duff layers up to 7.5 cm thick to reach the mineral soil. In this study area, fire intensity levels did not have to reach extreme levels in order to successfully regenerate table mountain pine.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0033601738&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0033601738&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0378-1127(98)00422-8

DO - 10.1016/S0378-1127(98)00422-8

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0033601738

VL - 113

SP - 155

EP - 166

JO - Forest Ecology and Management

JF - Forest Ecology and Management

SN - 0378-1127

IS - 2-3

ER -