A comparison of in-class learner engagement across lecture, problem-based learning, and team learning using the STROBE classroom observation tool

P. Adam Kelly, Paul Haidet, Virginia Schneider, Nancy Searle, Charles L. Seidel, Boyd F. Richards

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

82 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Having recently introduced team learning into the preclinical medical curriculum, evidence of the relative impact of this instructional method on in-class learner engagement was sought. Purpose: To compare patterns of engagement behaviors among learners in class sessions across 3 distinct instructional methods: lecture, problem-based learning (PBL), and team learning. Methods: Trained observers used the STROBE classroom observation tool to measure learner engagement in 7 lecture, 4 PBL, and 3 team learning classrooms over a 12-month period. Proportions of different types of engagement behaviors were compared using chi-square. Results: In PBL and team learning, the amount of learner-to-learner engagement was similar and much greater than in lecture, where most engagement was of the learner-to-instructor and self-engagement types. Also, learner-to-instructor engagement appeared greater in team learning than in PBL. Conclusions: Observed engagement behaviors confirm the potential of team learning to foster engagement similar to PBL, but with greater faculty input.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)112-118
Number of pages7
JournalTeaching and Learning in Medicine
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education

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