A comparison of modelling and imagery in the acquisition and retention of motor skills

Nilam Ram, S. M. Riggs, S. Skaling, D. M. Landers, P. McCullagh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although many researchers have examined the effects of imagery and/or modelling interventions, it is unclear which of the two interventions is more effective. In two experiments, novice learners assessed over multiple trials of a free weight squat lifting or a stabilometer balancing task were given modelling, imagery, a combination of modelling and imagery, or control interventions. Group differences indicated, in general, that groups receiving modelling (modelling, combination) evidenced a more appropriate form than groups that did not receive modelling (imagery, control). When apparent, these differences were already in place after the first of several interventions. Practical implications are that even a single bout of modelling can have immediate beneficial effects on movement form (Experiments 1 and 2) and outcome (Experiment 1).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)587-597
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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