### Abstract

We show that two density operators of mixed quantum states are in the same local unitary orbit if and only if they agree on polynomial invariants in a certain Noetherian ring for which degree bounds are known in the literature. This implicitly gives a finite complete set of invariants for local unitary equivalence. This is done by showing that local unitary equivalence of density operators is equivalent to local GL equivalence and then using techniques from algebraic geometry and geometric invariant theory. We also classify the SLOCC polynomial invariants and give a degree bound for generators of the invariant ring in the case of n-qubit pure states. Of course it is well known that polynomial invariants are not a complete set of invariants for SLOCC.

Original language | English (US) |
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Article number | 028 |

Journal | Symmetry, Integrability and Geometry: Methods and Applications (SIGMA) |

Volume | 13 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - May 2 2017 |

### All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

- Analysis
- Mathematical Physics
- Geometry and Topology