Magnetoelectric (ME) transducers, comprising of layered magnetostrictive and piezoelectric materials, are more efficient than inductive coils in converting low-frequency magnetic fields into electric fields, particularly in applications that require miniaturized devices such as biomedical implants. Therefore, ME transducers are an attractive candidate for wireless power transfer (WPT) using low-frequency magnetic fields, which are less harmful to the human body and can penetrate easily through different lossy media. The literature lacks a comprehensive study on the ME transducer as a power receiver in a WPT link. This paper studies the impact of different ME design parameters on the WPT link performance. An accurate analytical model of the ME transducer, operating in the longitudinal-transverse mode, is presented, describing both temporal and spatial deformations. Nine ME transducers with different sizes (ME volume: 5-150 mm3) were fabricated with Galfenol and PZT-5A as magnetostrictive and piezoelectric layers, respectively. Through the modeling and measurement of these ME transducers, the effects of the ME transducer dimension, DC bias magnetic field, loading (RL), and operation frequency on the resonance frequency, quality factor, and received power (PL) of the ME transducer are determined. In measurements, a 150 mm3 ME transducer achieved > 10-fold higher PL for a wide RL range of 500 Ω to 1 MΩ at 95.5 kHz, compared to an optimized coil with comparable size and operation frequency.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||IEEE transactions on biomedical circuits and systems|
|State||Published - Oct 1 2021|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering