A cost-effectiveness comparison of two approaches to life skills training

John D. Swisher, Edward A. Smith, Judith R. Vicary, Lori J. Bechtel, Abigail M. Hopkins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study compared the cost-effectiveness of Life Skills Training (LST) to a LST curriculum infusion approach (I-LST) and to control schools. Male and female seventh graders from nine rural schools (3 in each condition) were followed for two years. Path models were used to test the main effect and were modeled separately for males and females. After one year, significant effects were observed only for females on alcohol, marijuana, and inhalant use in LST condition and for tobacco, alcohol, and marijuana use for I-LST females. After year two, only the I-LST program affected female smoking. Costs for the programs included actual expenditures for training and materials as well as estimates of teachers' salaries for their project time. Both programs were almost equally effective after one year, but LST was more cost-effective. Although I-LST had higher costs, it was the only approach with any outcomes in year two and therefore more cost-effective.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)71-87
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Alcohol and Drug Education
Volume48
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jun 1 2004

Fingerprint

Cost-Benefit Analysis
Costs and Cost Analysis
costs
Cannabis
alcohol
Alcohols
rural school
Salaries and Fringe Benefits
Health Expenditures
salary
Curriculum
nicotine
Tobacco
training program
smoking
expenditures
Smoking
Education
curriculum
teacher

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health(social science)
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

Swisher, J. D., Smith, E. A., Vicary, J. R., Bechtel, L. J., & Hopkins, A. M. (2004). A cost-effectiveness comparison of two approaches to life skills training. Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 48(1), 71-87.
Swisher, John D. ; Smith, Edward A. ; Vicary, Judith R. ; Bechtel, Lori J. ; Hopkins, Abigail M. / A cost-effectiveness comparison of two approaches to life skills training. In: Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education. 2004 ; Vol. 48, No. 1. pp. 71-87.
@article{2cc25d91f13e47d280f4b5817d88009b,
title = "A cost-effectiveness comparison of two approaches to life skills training",
abstract = "This study compared the cost-effectiveness of Life Skills Training (LST) to a LST curriculum infusion approach (I-LST) and to control schools. Male and female seventh graders from nine rural schools (3 in each condition) were followed for two years. Path models were used to test the main effect and were modeled separately for males and females. After one year, significant effects were observed only for females on alcohol, marijuana, and inhalant use in LST condition and for tobacco, alcohol, and marijuana use for I-LST females. After year two, only the I-LST program affected female smoking. Costs for the programs included actual expenditures for training and materials as well as estimates of teachers' salaries for their project time. Both programs were almost equally effective after one year, but LST was more cost-effective. Although I-LST had higher costs, it was the only approach with any outcomes in year two and therefore more cost-effective.",
author = "Swisher, {John D.} and Smith, {Edward A.} and Vicary, {Judith R.} and Bechtel, {Lori J.} and Hopkins, {Abigail M.}",
year = "2004",
month = "6",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "48",
pages = "71--87",
journal = "Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education",
issn = "0090-1482",
publisher = "American Alcohol and Drug Information Foundation (Lansing)",
number = "1",

}

Swisher, JD, Smith, EA, Vicary, JR, Bechtel, LJ & Hopkins, AM 2004, 'A cost-effectiveness comparison of two approaches to life skills training', Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 71-87.

A cost-effectiveness comparison of two approaches to life skills training. / Swisher, John D.; Smith, Edward A.; Vicary, Judith R.; Bechtel, Lori J.; Hopkins, Abigail M.

In: Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, Vol. 48, No. 1, 01.06.2004, p. 71-87.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - A cost-effectiveness comparison of two approaches to life skills training

AU - Swisher, John D.

AU - Smith, Edward A.

AU - Vicary, Judith R.

AU - Bechtel, Lori J.

AU - Hopkins, Abigail M.

PY - 2004/6/1

Y1 - 2004/6/1

N2 - This study compared the cost-effectiveness of Life Skills Training (LST) to a LST curriculum infusion approach (I-LST) and to control schools. Male and female seventh graders from nine rural schools (3 in each condition) were followed for two years. Path models were used to test the main effect and were modeled separately for males and females. After one year, significant effects were observed only for females on alcohol, marijuana, and inhalant use in LST condition and for tobacco, alcohol, and marijuana use for I-LST females. After year two, only the I-LST program affected female smoking. Costs for the programs included actual expenditures for training and materials as well as estimates of teachers' salaries for their project time. Both programs were almost equally effective after one year, but LST was more cost-effective. Although I-LST had higher costs, it was the only approach with any outcomes in year two and therefore more cost-effective.

AB - This study compared the cost-effectiveness of Life Skills Training (LST) to a LST curriculum infusion approach (I-LST) and to control schools. Male and female seventh graders from nine rural schools (3 in each condition) were followed for two years. Path models were used to test the main effect and were modeled separately for males and females. After one year, significant effects were observed only for females on alcohol, marijuana, and inhalant use in LST condition and for tobacco, alcohol, and marijuana use for I-LST females. After year two, only the I-LST program affected female smoking. Costs for the programs included actual expenditures for training and materials as well as estimates of teachers' salaries for their project time. Both programs were almost equally effective after one year, but LST was more cost-effective. Although I-LST had higher costs, it was the only approach with any outcomes in year two and therefore more cost-effective.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=10244267621&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=10244267621&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 48

SP - 71

EP - 87

JO - Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education

JF - Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education

SN - 0090-1482

IS - 1

ER -

Swisher JD, Smith EA, Vicary JR, Bechtel LJ, Hopkins AM. A cost-effectiveness comparison of two approaches to life skills training. Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education. 2004 Jun 1;48(1):71-87.