A growing need has emerged among HIV service providers, policymakers, and researchers to understand ways in which employment, as a key social determinant of health, can be leveraged toward improved health outcomes among people living with HIV (PLHIV) and the prevention of HIV transmission. This critical review summarizes and assesses current research related to (a) the employment needs and challenges among populations disproportionately impacted by HIV, (b) the relationship between employment and important health outcomes associated with the HIV Care Continuum, and (c) implications for policy, service provision, and future research. As a first step to deepening an understanding of these issues, this analysis identifies gaps in knowledge to underscore the need and direction for future research so that well-targeted interventions can be designed and evaluated and more responsive policies can be developed to address the public health implications of the vocational development and employment needs of PLHIV.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Health(social science)
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Infectious Diseases